Saponaria


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Saponaria

 

a genus of herbaceous plants of the family Caryophyllaceae. The flowers are in paniculate or capitulate inflorescences. The calyx is gamophyllous, and the corolla is pink, white, or sometimes yellow and consists of five petals. The fruit is a unilocular capsule. There are about 30 species, distributed in Eurasia, mainly in the Mediterranean region and eastward to Western Siberia and Middle Asia. Ten species are found in the USSR, including the soapwort (Saponaria officinalis), which grows along forest edges and in river valleys. The plant’s saponin-rich rhizomes and roots are used in industry, under the designation of “red soaproot,” and in medicine (mainly as an expectorant). Double-flowered forms of the soapwort are used in floriculture.

References in periodicals archive ?
Otras especies como Enterolobium cyclocarpum, Guazuma ulmifolia y Sapindus saponaria tambien tienen semillas pequenas (menos de 1 g) pero mostraron una baja germinacion, probablemente debido a que estaban viejas y, por lo tanto, inviables.
Los resultados morfo-anatomicos para Schinus molle, Quillaja saponaria, Olea europaea y Melia azedarach que se muestran en este trabajo son los primeros antecedentes del efecto que produce la contaminacion por material particulado sobre las hojas de los arboles urbanos en Santiago.
Densidad original (n [ha.sup.-1]) Abierto s/pendiente Denso s/pendiente No Total No Ng Qs Ot Total Total 28 28 287 11 5 62 360 DCM 44 38 25 40 44 38 Abierto s/pendiente Denso c/pendiente No Na Ga Pl Qs Ca Ot Total Total 191 4 22 2 11 7 24 262 DCM 41 65 35 30 39 30 36 40 Densidad residual (n [ha.sup.-1]) No Total No Ng Qs Ot Total Total 27 27 172 11 - - 184 DCM 44 43 25 - - 42 Densidad residual (n [ha.sup.-1]) No Na Ga Pl Qs Ca Ot Total Total 125 4 7 2 6 - - 144 DCM 44 65 33 30 37 - - 44 Nothofagus obliqua (No), Nothofagus glauca (Ng), Quillaja saponaria (Qs), Nothofagus alpina (Na), Gevuina avellana (Ga), Persea Lingue (Pl), Cryptocaria alba (Ca) y Otras especies (Ot).
Supplementation of a tropical grass diet with forage legumes and Sapindus saponaria fruits: effect on in vitro ruminal nitrogen turnover and methanogenesis.Aust.
saponaria with saponin content around 65% on the dry basis according to the manufacturer.
de Santana, "Phytotoxic activity of crude aqueous extracts and fractions of young leaves of Sapindus saponaria L.
Abbreviations CD: Sum of monosulfated triterpene glycosides from Cucumaria japonica CDA: Cucumarioside [A.sub.2]-2 CDG: Cucumarioside G DGDG: Digalactosyldiacylglycerol FRA: Frondoside A GM-CSF: Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor HTA: Holotoxin [A.sub.1] HSA: Human serum albumin ISCOM: Immunostimulating complex ISCOMATRIX: Matrix of immunostimulating complex MGDG: Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol PUFA: Polyunsaturated fatty acid Quil A: Mixture of triterpene glycosides extracted from the bark of Quillaja saponaria SQDG: Sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol Th1: T helper cells of type 1 Th2: T helper cells of type 2 TI-complex: Tubular immunostimulating complex HA0: Recombinant uncleaved hemagglutinin monomer YOmpF: OmpF porin from Yersinia pseudotuberculosis.
Para la curva de calibracion se uso 0.2 mg/mL de saponinas de Quillaja saponaria (Sigma[R]) disuelta con una solucion buffer de K[H.sub.2]P[O.sub.4] de pH 7.4.