Sapotaceae


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Related to Sapotaceae: Sapindaceae, Moraceae

Sapotaceae

[‚sap·ə′tās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Ebenales characterized by a well-developed latex system.

Sapotaceae

 

(sapodilla), a family of dicotyledonous plants including mostly evergreen trees and shrubs. The leaves are usually alternate, entire, and leathery. The generally small flowers are regular and most often bisexual; they are solitary or fascicled. There are four, five, or eight sepals in two whorls or only five sepals in one whorl; the sepals are usually slightly fused at the base. The petals, which are concresced below, alternate with the sepals and sometimes form two whorls. The fruit—a berry—is leathery and dehiscent in some species. The sapodilla family is characterized by the presence of latex vessels in the bark, phloem, medulla, leaves, and fruits. Cauliflory is observed in many species.

There are about 60 genera of sapodilla, embracing 800 species and distributed mainly in the tropics of both hemispheres. In the USSR only fossil forms are known. Species containing gutta-percha (genera Palaquim and Payena) and balata (Mimusops bidentata, or M. balata) have great practical significance. The fruits of many species, including those of the genera Achras and Lucuma, are edible, as are the fleshy corollas of Madhuca logifolia, which contain up to 60 percent sugar. The seeds of some species, such as those of the genera Butyrospermum, Mimusops, and Argania, yield cooking and industrial oils. Many species, including Argania sideroxylon, are the source of valuable lumber.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
A Fabaceae 52 Lauraceae 17 Sapotaceae 12 Maraceae 10 Lecythidaceae 8 Annonaceae 8 Apocynaceae 7 Clusiaceae 6 Chrysobalanaceae 6 Burseraceae 5 Other 53 Families B Fabaceae 1059 Sapotaceae 633 Burseraceae 622 Quinaceae 541 Lauraceae 390 Myristiceae 364 Lecythidaceae 307 Maraceae 296 Malvaceae 139 Annonaceae 108 Other 774 Families Note: Table made form bar graph.
Estas especies pertenecen a las Melastomataceae y Sapotaceae, y solo dos familias con una especie cada una pertenecen al grupo ecologico de las secundarias, Myrtaceae y Lauraceae segun MARTINEZ-HIGUERA (2006).
Durante la preparacion del tratamiento de la familia Sapotaceae para el proyecto del Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica se han registrado nueve generos y 70 especies, siendo el genero mas numeroso Pouteria con ca.
Other Sapotaceae and Rubiaceae family (to which Madhuca indica and Paederia foetida, respectively belongs) plants have been reported in the scientific literature for presence of antidiabetic activities in extracts of whole plants or plant parts.
Sapotaceae, Bignoniaceae y Annonaceae (2 especies cada una), las familias restantes solo estuvieron representadas por una especie (Tabla 2).
El zapote es una fruta nativa de Centro America de donde se difundio hacia el Caribe, Sur America, Hawai y las Filipinas [1], hace parte de la familia Sapotaceae de la cual se han identificado mas de cuatrocientas especies [2].
jloccosus infesta especies de plantas de las familias Anacardiaceae, Annonaceae, Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Chrysobalanaceae, Compositae, Ebenaceae, Liliaceae, Loranthaceae, Malvaceae, Myrtaceae, Nyctaginaeeae, Polygonaceae, Rubiaceae, Rutaceae, Sapotaceae, Solanaceae y Zygophyllaceae (Mound & Halsey 1978).
Outras famílias bem distribuídas, nesta região, são Anacardiaceae, Annonaceae, Caesalpiniaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Meliaceae, Sapindaceae e Sapotaceae.
X 312 Salicaceae Ryania sp1 X 313 Sapindaceae Paullinia sp1 X X 314 Sapindaceae Paullinia sp2 X X 315 Sapindaceae Paullinia sp3 X X 316 Sapindaceae Talisia sp1 X 317 Sapotaceae Chrysophyllum sp1 X 318 Sapotaceae Micropholis guyanensis (A.