Saprophage


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Related to Saprophage: Saprotroph, saprophagous, biophage, detritivores

saprophage

[′sap·rə‚fāj]
(biology)
An organism that lives on decaying organic matter.

Saprophage

 

an animal that feeds on the carcasses of other animals. Saprophages include hyenas, vultures, ravens, carrion beetles, dermestids, the larvae of blowflies and flesh flies, and certain crustaceans (especially benthic beach fleas and river crayfish). Many predators and omnivorous animals are partial saprophages. Saprophages function as cleaning agents by disposing of putrefying remains.

References in periodicals archive ?
The richness was higher in phytophagous (41 in the C and 60 in NC), followed by entomophagous (33 in the C and 26 in NC), saprophages (14 in C and 13 in NC) and "others" (11 in C and 10 in NC).
Through their activity as microbial grazers and saprophages, the host of decomposer fauna act as gatekeepers in the cycling of material through the system (Petersen and Luxton 1982, Verhoef and Brussard 1990).
Concerning the feeding guild, species were classified as coprophagous ([greater than or equal to] 80 % of captures occurred in traps baited with faeces), necrophagous ([greater than or equal to] 80 % of captures occurred in traps baited with rotten meat), saprophages ([greater than or equal to] 80 % of captures occurred in traps baited with rotten banana) and generalists (species not covered in the previous groups) (Almeida & Louzada, 2009; Da Silva & Di Mare, 2012).
Although it possibly feeds on material in the stomach, it might use decaying resources other than carrion too (Frolov & Scholtz 2005), and therefore belongs either to the guild of obligate necrophages or opportunistic saprophages (Villet 2011).