Sardis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Sardis

(sär`dĭs) or

Sardes

(–dēz), ancient city of Lydia, W Asia Minor, at the foot of Mt. Tmolus, 35 mi (56 km) NE of the modern Izmir, Turkey. As capital of Lydia, it was the political and cultural center of Asia Minor from 650 B.C. until the death of CroesusCroesus
, d. c.547 B.C., king of Lydia (560–c.547 B.C.), noted for his great wealth. He was the son of Alyattes. He continued his father's policy of conquering the Ionian cities of Asia Minor, but on the whole he was friendly to the Greeks, and he is supposed to have given
..... Click the link for more information.
 (c.547 B.C.). The first gold and silver coins were minted there in the 6th cent. B.C. An almost impregnable citadel, Sardis was nevertheless captured in 499 by the Ionians in the Persian Wars. In 133 it passed to the Romans. After being destroyed by an earthquake in A.D. 17, it was rebuilt by the Romans. The city was destroyed by TimurTimur
or Tamerlane
, c.1336–1405, Mongol conqueror, b. Kesh, near Samarkand. He is also called Timur Leng [Timur the lame]. He was the son of a tribal leader, and he claimed (apparently for the first time in 1370) to be a descendant of Jenghiz Khan.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in the 14th cent. The actual site of the city was not discovered until 1958. Excavations have uncovered the Roman baths and gymnasium, the Greek Temple of Artemis (dating from the 4th cent. B.C.), the walls of the city when it was under Lydian rule, and inscriptions in old Lydian.

Sardis

 

(now the village of Sart in Turkey), an ancient city, capital of the kingdom of Lydia from the beginning of the seventh century to 546 B.C. The city reached its peak under King Croesus. In 546, Sardis was captured by the Achaemenids. In 1402 it was destroyed by Tamerlane. Excavations in Sardis, conducted in the 20th century, uncovered a temple of Artemis and a necropolis; the ancient inscriptions were written in the Midianite language.

REFERENCE

Peacock, Y. L. Studies in the History and Archaeology of Sardis. Cambridge, Mass., 1965.

Sardis

, Sardes
an ancient city of W Asia Minor: capital of Lydia
References in periodicals archive ?
15 jersey ahead of great Sardis Road servants Colin Bolderson and Ian Walsh.
A South Wales Police officer searching a wooded area off Sardis Road, Pontypridd
Bristol will know what to expect at Sardis - they played here a few years ago and won quite comfortably," said Lewis.
As well as departing Sardis Road, McIntosh will also be leaving his role as a WRU Academy skills coach and working through his notice with the Union.
The Sardis Road side have made 12 changes to the starting line up following their Swalec Cup semi-final victory against Carmarthen last Saturday.
The Sig" also became a big favourite with the Sardis Road support, a larger than life character both on and off the field of play.
A part of that bigger picture was the staging of games at Sardis Road.
The winding-up of the Celtic Warriors, who played at Sardis Road and the Brewery Field in Bridgend, has left many rugby followers in the valleys believing they have been left short-changed when it comes to the top end of the domestic game.
The winding-up of the Celtic Warriors, who played at Sardis Road, has left many rugby followers in the valleys believing they have been left short-changed when it comes to the top end of the domestic game.
In a bid to drum up support Mr Smith spoke to both Pontypridd and Neath fans at the end of their match at Sardis Road on Saturday.
The Irish official is one of the rising referees in the world game and was handed the Sardis Road fixture by the Welsh Rugby Union, which the home side won 45-12.
PONTYPRIDD'S artificial rugby pitch at Sardis Road underwent preliminary work yesterday with the Principality Premiership club vowing to reach a resolution to how seven Merthyr players received severe burns after a WRU National Cup semi-final clash with RGC 1404 in March.