Sargasso Sea


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Sargasso Sea

(särgăs`ō), part of the N Atlantic Ocean, lying roughly between the West Indies and the Azores and from about lat. 20°N to lat. 35°N, in the horse latitudeshorse latitudes,
two belts of latitude where winds are light and the weather is hot and dry. They are located mostly over the oceans, at about 30° lat. in each hemisphere, and have a north-south range of about 5° as they follow the seasonal migration of the sun.
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. The relatively still sea is the center of a great swirl of ocean currents known as the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre, and is a rich field for the marine biologist. It is noted for the abundance of gulfweed (Sargassum species; see seaweedseaweed,
name commonly used for the multicellular marine algae. Simpler forms, consisting of one cell (e.g., the diatom) or of a few cells, are not generally called seaweeds; these tiny plants help to make up plankton.
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) on its surface. The thick masses of gulfweed are home to a distinctive and specialized group of marine forms specifically adapted to their environment, and are a nursery for young migratory sea turtles. The sea is also the spawning ground for eels, dolphin fish (or dorado), and other fish. The Bermuda islands are in the northwestern part of the sea.

Sargasso Sea

 

an area of the Atlantic Ocean situated in tropical latitudes between the Canaries Current, the North Equatorial Current, and the Gulf Stream—that is, between 23°-35° N lat. and 30°-68° W long. The area fluctuates from 6 to 7 million sq km owing to seasonal changes in the currents. The winds and currents are weak and unstable, since the region is located in the center of the anticyclone cycle of surface waters. The water temperature is 18°-23°C in the winter and 26°-28°C in the summer. The salinity is 36.5–37.0 pro mille.

The Sargasso Sea received its name from the extensive aggregates of the seaweed Sargassum that float on or near the surface. The abundance of seaweed is due to the convergence of surface currents in the area. The sea is inhabited by many different types of animals. Free-swimming animals include mackerel, flying fishes, sea urchins, crabs, and sea tortoises; animals that live attached to seaweed include sea anemones and bryozoans.

The Sargasso Sea was at one time exceptionally clean, with visibility to a depth of 60 cm. Now the sea is severely contaminated with heavy oils.

Sargasso Sea

[sär′ga·sō ′sē]
(geography)
A region of the North Atlantic Ocean; boundaries are defined in the west and north by the Gulf Stream, in the east by longitude 40°W, and in the south by latitude 20°N.

Sargasso Sea

a calm area of the N Atlantic, between the Caribbean and the Azores, where there is an abundance of floating seaweed of the genus Sargassum
References in periodicals archive ?
They live in the rivers for up to 40 years before deciding they are large enough to make the trip back to the ocean and to the Sargasso Sea. There they spawn and apparently die.
"Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things: Metatextuality and the Politics of Reading in Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea." Women's Studies 34.2 (2005): 113-31.
The reader's complacent acceptance of perceived superiority is defied in Wide Sargasso Sea. Rochester, faced with the different geography, climate, food, fashion and culture of the West Indies, compares them continually and unfavourably to England and Europe: "Everything is too much ...
All four currents deposit masses of sargassum seaweed, which covers much of the Sargasso Sea's surface.
There are films made after Jean Rhys' novel Wide Sargasso Sea (1993, 2006), which keep the character of Mr.
At this time of year, what we Bermudians call "Sargasso weed"--from the Sargasso Sea's enormous drift of free-floating sargassum--covers the whole beach.
"Reading the Zombi in Jean Rhys' Wide Sargasso Sea." MaComere: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars, 2004,63.
In a study published in Nature Communications last October, researchers from Laval University and Dalhousie University have collected the first recorded evidence of eel migration to the Sargasso Sea. After tracking 38 eels using pop-up archival satellite tags, one was found to migrate over 2,400 km in 45 days travelling from the Scotian Shelf in Nova Scotia to the Sargasso Sea.
The idea of taking a character from a nineteenth-century literary work and reinterpreting him or her in a twentieth--or twenty-first-century text has gained popularity lately, to mention only Wide Sargasso Sea. Brintlinger does an excellent job delineating the ugly and hopeless world of Yasha's descendants.
Magic helped provide them with the tools for this fight, much as it provided the women of Wide Sargasso Sea and Land of Love and Drowning with these same tools.
Aristotle mused that eels emerged from the mud of river bottoms, and it was not until 1923 that Danish biologist Johannes Schmidt, after a fifteen-year search, tracked down young larvae of both American (Anguilla rostrata) and European eels (Anguilla anguilla) in the Sargasso Sea. He assumed this was the eels' spawning ground, but to date, no adult eels have ever actually been observed there.
They start life as a little egg in the Sargasso Sea near Bermuda and make an epic 4,000-mile journey across the Atlantic Ocean to end up in canals and rivers across Europe and North Africa.