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Sarmatia(särmā`shə), ancient district between the Vistula River and the Caspian Sea, gradually conquered and occupied by the Sarmatians [Lat. Sarmatae] or Sauromatians (a term used by Herodotus and now used by archaeologists for early Sarmatians) from the 6th cent. B.C. through the 4th cent. A.D. The term is vague and is also used to refer to the territory along the Danube and across the Carpathians where the Sarmatians were later driven by the Huns. The Sarmatians, who by c.200 B.C. controlled the territory W of the Don River, spoke an Indo-Iranian language and were a nomadic pastoral people related to the Scythians (see ScythiaScythia
, ancient region of Eurasia, extending from the Danube on the west to the borders of China on the east. The Scythians flourished from the 8th to the 4th cent. B.C. They spoke an Indo-Iranian language but had no system of writing.
..... Click the link for more information. ), whom they displaced in the Don region. The main divisions were the Rhoxolani, the Iazyges, and the Alans or Alani. They came into conflict with the Romans but later allied themselves with Rome, acting as buffers against the Goths. They were scattered by or assimilated with the Goths and then the Huns by the 6th cent. A.D. Graves of warrior women among Sarmatian burial mounds has led to speculation that they may have given rise to the myth of the AmazonsAmazon
, in Greek mythology, one of a tribe of warlike women who lived in Asia Minor. The Amazons had a matriarchal society, in which women fought and governed while men performed the household tasks.
..... Click the link for more information. .
See study by T. Sulimirski (1970).
a name used to designate the area north of the Black Sea in the first century B.C., when the Scythians who had been living there were forced out by the Sarmatians. The term “Sarmatia” first appeared on an ancient map drawn up by the Roman commander Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa.