Sarmizegetuza

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sarmizegetuza

 

the capital of pre-Roman Dacia; located on Grǎdiştea Muncelului Hill, in the mountains of Orǎştie in southwestern Transylvania, Rumania. Sarmizegetuza was a major economic, political, commercial, and religious center of the early Dacian slaveholding state. It was also the residence of the Dacian tribal kings. In 106 it was destroyed by the Romans. Later, 50 km west of Sarmizegetuza, the Romans built the city of Ulpia-Traiana, which was later renamed Sarmizegetuza. In the center of Roman Sarmizegetuza there was a forum, with an adjacent large palace of the Augustales, priests of the cult of the Roman emperors who were granted the title of Augustus. After the Romans left Dacia in 271, Sarmizegetuza was abandoned by its inhabitants.

REFERENCE

Fedorov, G. B., and L. L. Polevoi. Arkheologiia Rumynii. Moscow, 1973. Pages 139–44, 186–90.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.