Sassanid


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Sassanid,

 

Sasanid

(both: săs`ənĭd), or

Sassanian

(săsā`nyən), last dynasty of native rulers to reign in Persia before the Arab conquest. The period of their dominion extended from c.A.D. 224, when the Parthians were overthrown and the capital, CtesiphonCtesiphon
, ruined ancient city, 20 mi (32 km) SE of Baghdad, Iraq, on the left bank of the Tigris opposite Seleucia and at the mouth of the Diyala River. After 129 B.C. it was the winter residence of the Parthian kings. Ctesiphon grew rapidly and was of renowned splendor.
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, was taken, until c.640, when the country fell under the power of the Arabs. The last Sassanid king died a fugitive in 651, but he had been forced to yield Ctesiphon to the Arabs in 636. Under the Sassanids, who revived AchaemenidAchaemenids
, dynasty of ancient Persia. They were descended presumably from one Achaemenes, a minor ruler in a mountainous district of SW Iran. His successors, when Elam declined, spread their power westward.
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 tradition, ZoroastrianismZoroastrianism
, religion founded by Zoroaster, but with many later accretions. Scriptures

Zoroastrianism's scriptures are the Avesta or the Zend Avesta [Pahlavi avesta=law, zend=commentary].
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 was reestablished as the state religion. The name of the dynasty was derived from Sassan, an ancestor of the founder of the dynasty, Ardashir IArdashir I
[another form of Artaxerxes], d. 240, king of Persia (226?–240). He overthrew the last Parthian king, Artabanus IV, entered Ctesiphon, and reunited Persia out of the confusion of Seleucid decline.
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, who took and ruled Ctesiphon (224–40). During his reign and many that followed, war with the Romans occupied much attention. Sassanid persecution of Christians led to wars with Byzantium. Syria and Armenia suffered particularly from invading armies. Ardashir I was succeeded by his son Shapur IShapur I
or Sapor I
, d.272, king of Persia (241–72), son and successor of Ardashir I, of the Sassanid, or Sassanian, dynasty. He was an able warrior king.
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, who was victorious over Roman Emperor Valerian and ruled until 272. The next reign of importance was that of Shapur IIShapur II
or Sapor II,
310–79, king of Persia (310–79), of the Sassanid, or Sassanian, dynasty. He was the posthumous son of Hormuz II and therefore was born king. His long reign was marked by great military success.
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 (309–79), a period of particular significance and glory. Bahram V, ruling 420–38, was defeated by the Emperor Theodosius but succeeded against the White Huns. The Armenians were overwhelmed by Yazdagird II in 451, and their land was overrun by Sassanids under Khosrow IKhosrow I
(Khosrow Anüshirvan) , d. 579, king of Persia (531–79), greatest of the Sassanid, or Sassanian, monarchs. He is also known as Chosroes I or Khosru I. He succeeded his father, Kavadh I, but before becoming king, Khosrow was responsible for a great massacre (c.
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, who reigned 531–79 and who also invaded Syria. Both countries were again overrun by Khosrow IIKhosrow II
(Khosrow Parviz) , d. 628, king of Persia of the Sassanid, or Sassanian, dynasty; grandson of Khosrow I. He is also called Chosroes II or Khosru II. He succeeded his father Hormizd, or Hormoz, in 590, but he was opposed by the usurper Bahram Chubin, and forced to flee
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 (ruled 590–628), whose conquest of Egypt was the final victorious achievement of the dynasty. The last representative of the family on the throne was Yazdagird III, who began his reign in 632. His struggle against the Arabs ended in the fall of the Sassanid dynasty. See PersiaPersia
, old alternate name for the Asian country Iran. The article Iran contains a description of the geography and economy of the modern country and a short account of its history since the Arab invasion of the 7th cent.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Arab Muslims fought the Sassanid empire in the 7th century AD, conquering the region.
He was referring to Sassanid Persia, an empire defeated in the seventh century by the Arabs and converted to Islam subsequently.
During the Persian Sassanid Empire and neighboring lands such as Arabs had established extensive trade and various items such as carpets, brocade fabrics, silk, linen, wool skin were exchanged between Iran and the Arab lands of Mesopotamia, the Arabian Peninsula and southern Gulf.
His latest book is an illustrated edition of Arabic poetry, which also includes commentaries on the verses as well as photos of mosques, Islamic relics and artifacts including old coins from the Sassanid era and Abbasid and Rashidun Caliphates.
Finally, Adam Silverstein discusses the evidence provided in Jewish sources for connections and postal systems in the Late Roman, Sassanid and Islamic states ('Jews and News: The Interaction of Private and Official Communication Networks in Jewish History', pp.
Only a reader with a historian's heart will care about the intimate details of how salad, salsa and salami evolved from our ancient, international love affair with salt, the true origins of the domesticated turkey and the almond marzipan the kings of the Sassanid Persian Empire liked to nosh on.
Seleucus I Nicator, and was invaded and pillaged by Shapur I of the Sassanid Empire in A.
From Sassanid Persian rule to rule under the Umayyads, Abbassid, Hamdanid dynasty, Seljuks, Persian Safawids and the Ottoman Empire, Christian and religious minorities have largely preserved their faith and communities.
Dhi Qar province includes over / 1200 / archaeological site mostly to the dawn of the era of Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, Achaemenid, Sassanid and the Islamic civilizations.
Architecturally this depiction seems not referring to what was the form of living in the Arabian Peninsula at the rise of Islam, while it matches more the reality of the 'earthly gardens' of Sassanid Iran.
After the fall of the Armenian Kingdom in 428, Dvin became the residence of Sassanid appointed marzpans (governors), Byzantine
NAJAF / Aswat al-Iraq: A citizen from Najaf province handed over 30 artifacts belong to the Sassanid era during a ceremony attended by tourism minister on Sunday.