Arab Muslims fought the Sassanid empire
in the 7th century AD, conquering the region.
Most post-Islamic books on politics, such as Siyastnameh of Khajeh Nezam ul Molk--the vezir of the Seljuk king, Malekshah--and later books were modeled after the book of Ardeshir Babekan, the founder of the Sassanid Empire
, called Karnameh ArdeshirBabekan.
In the area of trade, it is likely that Saudi Arabia was connected to the Sassanid Empire
, by the Silk Road.
7) The first Islamic cities were built in the Mesopotamia, which was part of the Sassanid Empire
at that time, and not in Arabian Peninsula.
The Sassanian Empire or Sassanid Empire
was the last pre-Islamic Empire, ruled by the Sasanian Dynasty from 224 CE to 651 CE.
Islam was able to spread and conquer militarily the entire Arabian Peninsula, Southern Mesopotamia, Palestine, Syria, the Sassanid Empire
Starting with a discussion on the smallest examples of art, the design of coins, Sadeq illustrated how the coinage, known as drachms, of the vast Persian Sassanid empire
of the 3rd to 7th centuries AD, often depicted elaborately dressed rulers on one side of the coin with a Zoroastrian fire altar on the reverse.
The Han Empire (25-220 AD) in China, Kushan Empire in the middle part of Asia and Sassanid Empire
in Persia and Romans in Europe and Western Asia.
1400 BC-934 BC), carried on during the Sassanid Empire
(224-651) and throughout the era of Islamic rule.
There are a few small errors in this volume, such as inadvertently having Hussain, son of Ali (kinsman and son-in-law of Muhammad who looms large in Shi'a Islam), link to the (Persian) Sassanid Empire
through a marriage to Yazdgerd III, when in fact it was (as the story goes) Yazdgerd's daughter, Shahr Banu.
In the fifth through the eighth centuries "A Golden Age Emerges," first with the Persian Sassanid Empire
and then the later dominance of the Sogdian cities of modern day Uzbekistan.
They occurred, as I try to make clear, because the absorption of large parts of the Byzantine Empire and the entire Sassanid Empire
confronted Muslims with the claims of Greek philosophy.