The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(“Satan’s Mound” in Armenian), the most ancient Lower Paleolithic site in the USSR, located on the southwestern slope of Mount Aragats, near the village of Pirmalak, in Talinskii Raion, Armenian SSR. It was studied by S. A. Sarda-rian, S. N. Zamiatnin, and M. Z. Panichkina from 1945 to 1949.

Many primitive implements made of obsidian and basalt were found at the top of Satani-Dar, including massive chips with irregular shapes, coups de poing (hand axes), crude chopping implements (choppers), and cores roughly disklike and cubelike in shape. Two complexes are distinguished on the basis of the stone artifacts: the oldest complex probably dates from the late Chellean (late Abbevillian), and the later complex probably dates from the late Acheulean.


Panichkina, M. Z. Paleolit Armenii. Leningrad, 1950.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.