Satellite Cell

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Related to Satellite Cell: Microglial cell, ependymal cell

satellite cell

[′sad·əl‚īt ‚sel]
One of the neurilemmal cells surrounding nerve cells in the peripheral nervous system.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Satellite Cell


in plants, a parenchymal cell that is adjacent to the sieve tubes of the phloem and is related to them both ontogenetically and physiologically.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although the adult skeletal muscle is composed of totally differentiated fibers, it preserves the ability to regenerate as a response to an injury and to modify its contractile and metabolic properties; thanks to satellite cells residing in between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma, that are swiftly activated as a response to the appropriate stimuli.
Regarding estradiol's impact on exercise-induced muscle damage, one possible mechanism is its association with the myogenic activation of satellite cells to assist with muscle repair and regeneration during recovery (Farup et al., 2014).
The mRNA expression level of Pax7, which is expressed in activation and proliferation state of satellite cells, was significantly increased only in the nonPrecon group at 2 and 4 days after damaging ECC (Figure 3(b)).
As reported by Fulle and his coworkers [8], the levels of the antioxidant enzymes Cat and glutathione transferase in satellite cells isolated from the elderly were drastically decreased compared to cells from young donors.
Activated satellite cells were observed separating from muscle fibers (Fig.
When the researchers injected old mice with GDF11, the population of satellite cells increased, and the number of satellite cells with severe DNA damage fell by a factor of 4.
Voluntary resistance wheel exercise during post-natal growth in rats enhances skeletal muscle satellite cell and myonuclear content at adulthood.
In addition, the overexpression of anticancer genes cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, [p16.sup.INK4a], in satellite cells irreversibly may affect their intrinsic regenerative and self-renewal capacities in sarcopenic muscles.

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