Satrapy


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Related to Satrapy: Persepolis, Satraps
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Satrapy

 

a military-administrative division (province) in the kingdom of the Achaemenids, governed by a satrap. Circa 518 B.C., Darius I divided the kingdom into 20 satrapies, whose boundaries in most cases corresponded to the boundaries of the individual countries that were part of the Achaemenid state, such as Babylonia, Egypt, and Media. The number of satrapies and their boundaries changed often. Each satrapy paid an established tribute and could have its own laws, traditions, and language or languages. The division into satrapies was preserved in the Seleucid, Parthian, and Sassanid states.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Next was the turn of the Gadara satrapy, with its capital of Pushkalavati taken?
Conquest of Indus Region: Political situation of the Indian Satrapy after the Achaemenians disintegration After the disintegration of Achaemenian empire the Indus Satrapy was no longer united as an administrative entity.
At first, during Alexander's lifetime and a little beyond, Alexandria was the new capital of an imperial province, in succession to the 'satrapy' of Egypt that the Persians had ruled from 525 to 404 BC and again between 343 and 332 BC, whose capital had been the old Egyptian city of Memphis.
There is a unique jurisdictional power-sharing arrangement, or political satrapy, among various clerical, military and technocratic power brokers.
"What is most worrisome about the dominance of Jaish-e-Mohammad and other terrorist organisations in South Punjab is the fact that the local centres of power in the region are likely to succumb to it in the same way that the people did in Swat after warlord Fazlullah was allowed by the MMA government in the NWFP to establish his satrapy there," the editorial concluded.
In addition, there is the growing self-sufficiency and sovereignty of Iraq, whose leaders--including Iraqi Shia--have shown they do not intend for the new, post-Saddam Iraq to become a satrapy of its neighbor to the east.
Eraly's history, 550 pages of it, is replete with the wars, the slaughter, the cruelty, and finally the crushing poverty in which a foreign satrapy of central Asian monarchs, chieftains, and their courtiers, those 655 individuals, left India.
Later, Herodotus mentions that Punjab was the 2oth satrapy, province, of the Achamenian Empire around 700 BCE, and was the most popular and the richest.
The only reason the Journal started the show, it said, was to prevent PBS from becoming a "satrapy" of Bill Moyers.
Washington headquarters to take over a satrapy in California.
In the four subsequent chapters, Tomasevich deals with the invasion and dismemberment of Yugoslavia by the Axis powers and their junior partners, Hungary and Bulgaria, resulting in a welter of annexations; he outlines the establishment of that satrapy, the so-called Independent State of Croatia, carved into Italian and German spheres of influence; and he comprehensively examines the occupation regimes established in Serbia and the larger part of Slovenia by Germany, and in Montenegro by Italy (later taken over by Germany).