Saturation Effect

Saturation Effect

 

the decrease in the intensity of a spectral line (an absorption or emission line) with increasing power of the external resonant electromagnetic radiation. The saturation effect is caused by the equalization of the populations of two energy levels between which stimulated transitions take place as a result of resonance radiation. The saturation effect is observed when the power of the resonance radiation reaches the level at which the probability of stimulated transitions owing to the radiation is greater than the probability of relaxation or spontaneous radiative transitions. The saturation effect limits the power that can be generated by a laser.

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Asked why they would devote time to promoting new companies when they are brand owners themselves, the hosts opined that today's new companies face a tough challenge entering the pet industry: "It's harder than ever to get noticed because of the saturation effect," said Bennie, "so we cooked up Bark Your Biz to give back to our industry and level the playing field a bit."
In the automotive sector both the EU and the US is expected to moderate due to the saturation effect and rising interest rates, while the machinery sector is expected to benefit from rising
Another very important feature of the behaviour of contaminated nanoparticles in liquid crystals is an existence of the saturation effect. Upon increasing the concentration of nanoparticles in liquid crystals, the concentration of mobile ions increases or decreases towards its saturation level given by the critical concentration [n.sub.C] = [v.sub.NP]/[K.sub.NP](1 - [v.sub.NP]) (Figure 1, solid and dashed curves).
Moreover, we observe a saturation effect according to which the Demand Surge effect is reduced if wages for building services have already increased before a catastrophe.
Every technique has its own strengths and weaknesses, and the saturation effect above 50 moths per trap can be remedied by changing the trap bottoms more frequently.
If instead you seek the traditional "saturation effect" of the buckshot charge piercing a variety of organs at once, this load in this particular barrel may be too much of a good thing.
It is well known that influence of sensor saturation effect increases as distance from the target to the sensor decreases.
In the charged pion induced nuclear reactions at 3-12 GeV/c which are considered in the present work, we expect a small number of emission sources due to the saturation effect of target nuclei and not too high incident momentums.
To account for a possible saturation effect with fireworks, where fans are not as interested in attending games with fireworks as their frequency increases, fireworks are included in the model in three ways.
It can be seen in Figure 9 that the proposed filter is immune from power saturation effect.
These timelines have lengthened in recent years due to a pipeline saturation effect and the presence of judicial hurdles in some states.