Sauer, Carl (Ortwin)(1889–1975) geographer; born in Warrenton, Mo. A Ph.D. graduate of the University of Chicago, he taught at the University of Michigan (1915–23), later joining the faculty of the University of California: Berkeley, where he spent the rest of his career. A competent linguist with a fine literary style, he published numerous scholarly monographs over the years, most notably Morphology of Landscape (1925), and a book of lectures, Agricultural Origins and Dispersals (1952). He was largely responsible for shifting the focus of American geography from environmental "determinism" to the study of landscape and cultural geography.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.