Sault Sainte Marie


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Sault Sainte Marie

(so͞o sānt mərē`), city (1991 pop. 81,476), S Ont., Canada, on the St. Marys River opposite Sault Ste Marie, Mich. A bridge connects the two cities. Sault Ste Marie is an important port and manufacturing center. Iron and steel, lumber, pulp and paper products, and chemicals are made there; information technology and telematics are also economically important. The city is a tourist center and the gateway to hunting and fishing resorts in nearby lake and forest regions. A fur-trading post was built on the site in 1783, and a canal and lock to bypass the St. Marys rapids was constructed by 1898. Americans destroyed the post and lock during the War of 1812; a new lock was opened in 1895. There are two forest research stations.

Sault Sainte Marie,

city (1990 pop. 14,689), seat of Chippewa co., N Mich., Upper Peninsula, a port of entry on the St. Marys River opposite Sault Ste Marie, Ont.; inc. as a city 1887. A variety of light manufactured goods are produced, but the city's economy is principally based on tourism and lake shipping. The famous "Soo" locks on the St. Marys River draw visitors who watch heavily laden ships pass through the intricate system that links lakes Superior and Huron. Particularly impressive is the 21-ft (6.4-m) lift to the level of Lake Superior.

The region was first explored (1615) by Etienne BruléBrulé, Étienne
, c.1592–1632, French explorer in North America. He arrived (1608) in the New World with Samuel de Champlain, who sent him (1610) into the wilderness to learn about Native Americans and the land. He lived with the Huron and accompanied (c.
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, and Father Jacques MarquetteMarquette, Jacques
, 1637–75, French missionary and explorer in North America, a Jesuit priest. He was sent to New France in 1666 and studied Native American languages under a missionary at Trois Rivières.
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 established a Jesuit mission there in 1668. French occupation ended in 1763. The British remained in control until 1783, when the area was ceded to the United States. Fort Brady was built in 1822. The discovery of great mineral deposits in the northwest stimulated the construction (1853–55) of the Sault Ste Marie Canal to facilitate the flow of ore; the locks have since been enlarged. An international bridge connects Sault Ste Marie with its Canadian counterpart. Lake Superior State Univ. in the city occupies the historic site of Fort Brady.

Sault Sainte Marie

1. an inland port in central Canada, in Ontario on the St. Mary's River, which links Lake Superior and Lake Huron, opposite Sault Ste Marie, Michigan: canal bypassing the rapids completed in 1895. Pop.: 67 385 (2001)
2. an inland port in NE Michigan, opposite Sault Ste Marie, Ontario: canal around the rapids completed in 1855, enlarged and divided in 1896 and 1919 (popularly called Soo Canals). Pop.: 14 184 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The 1838 report also included Henry Schoolcraft's comments on Abel Bingham's mission at Sault Sainte Marie. He seemed pleased overall.
In 1841 Abel Bingham sent a report of his mission to James Ord, the subagent of the Office of Indian Affairs at Sault Sainte Marie. The total number of scholars never reached past sixty.
In 1845 the acting superintendent for the Michigan Superintendency wrote to the commissioner of Indian Affairs that the "Indians under the Sault Sainte Marie agency are unfavorably located for agriculture or hunting; their principal resource is from fishing." (37) However, the influence of missionaries and teachers allowed Native Americans to survive in the area as long as they lived like whites: "...
According to Sault Sainte Marie subagent James Ord, while the conditions of most of the Native Americans of his sub-agency were improving, those in Sault Sainte Marie proper were not.
The Ojibwa of Sault Sainte Marie realized that the influx of whites into their lives was not going to slow down.
He remarked how pleased he was to find the Native Americans there in 1846 "meaningfully employed cutting lumber for a steamship." (42) Between visits to Canada he carefully tended to his own flock at Sault Sainte Marie. In August 1845 he had a church meeting, and examined a Native American "as a candidate for baptism." (43) Bingham knew the man somewhat, but did not consider him ready to be baptized.
Conversely, the 1840s were good ones for the Baptist mission at Sault Sainte Marie. James Ord wrote in his 1846 report that the conditions of the Native Americans there continued to improve: "They are becoming more sober, industrious, and religious, and those who are engaged in the work of their civilization take renewed courage from the results of the past year." (45) In addition, they worked off nearly all of their debts from hunting and fishing.
He visited a woman named Osheshanabiliokue, who was his first convert after he arrived at Sault Sainte Marie. She was now between seventy and eighty years of age.
As the 1840s passed into the 1850s, Bingham possibly guessed that his time in Sault Sainte Marie was limited.