Saumur


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Saumur

(sōmür`), town (1990 pop. 30,150), Maine-et-Loire dept., W France, on the Loire River. Saumur is noted for its religious-medal industry (dating from the 17th cent.) and for its sparkling white wines. Aluminum products, clothing, and liquors are also produced. Tourism has become important. The town's famous cavalry school was founded in the late 18th cent. Saumur, founded in Roman times, was seized from the counts of Blois in 1026 by Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou, and became an important town in that province. As part of Anjou it was joined to the French crown in 1204 by Philip II. In the 16th cent. Saumur was given by Henry III to the then Protestant Henry of Navarre (later Henry IV). Under Philippe de Mornay, the governor, a famous Protestant academy was founded (1599), and the town became a bastion of the HuguenotHuguenots
, French Protestants, followers of John Calvin. The term is derived from the German Eidgenossen, meaning sworn companions or confederates. Origins

Prior to Calvin's publication in 1536 of his Institutes of the Christian Religion,
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 movement. With the revocation of the Edict of NantesNantes, Edict of,
1598, decree promulgated at Nantes by King Henry IV to restore internal peace in France, which had been torn by the Wars of Religion; the edict defined the rights of the French Protestants (see Huguenots).
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 in 1685, much of the population emigrated, thus destroying the town's economy. Among the monuments in Saumur are a 14th-century château (now a municipal museum), the remarkable Romanesque Church of Notre-Dame-de-Nantilly (begun 12th cent.), the 15th-century town hall, and many Renaissance structures. Collections of art and tapestries are also preserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Claude Pajon (1626-1685) and the Academy of Saumur; the first controversy over grace.
Other participants will come from Warwick's twin towns Havelberg, Saumur and Verden.
The wines from Saumur and Alsace in France, the Clairette de Die and Cremant de Bourgogne are all in single figures.
Chateau de Targe is superbly situated, half-way up a limestone cliff, looking northward across the Loire river, just 20 minutes drive east of Saumur.
But officials in nearby Saumur are using a law that all bodies must be buried or cremated.
In an unusual show staged by Olivier Panhuys and choreographed by Jean-Hugues Tanto, Dupond performed alongside the equestrian Ballet du Cadre Noir de Saumur, the prestigious military riding school that has been the pride of France since its creation at Versailles in 1763.
"To become a paper-maker, you need a higher level of education (today)," says Sam Saumur, program co-ordinator of the northwestern Ontario BEST (basic education for skills training) program.
The area of Saumur produces some wonderful red wines.
Chenin Blanc's home is in the middle reaches of the Loire River around Anjou and Saumur, east of proletarian Muscadet and west of the aristocratic Sauvignon Blancs, Sancerre and Pouilly- FumA.
The red grapes here start at Anjou and Saumur, and are the lesser known cabernet franc.
Members of Warwick Twinning Association have just returned from a visit the French town of Saumur.