Saumur

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Saumur

(sōmür`), town (1990 pop. 30,150), Maine-et-Loire dept., W France, on the Loire River. Saumur is noted for its religious-medal industry (dating from the 17th cent.) and for its sparkling white wines. Aluminum products, clothing, and liquors are also produced. Tourism has become important. The town's famous cavalry school was founded in the late 18th cent. Saumur, founded in Roman times, was seized from the counts of Blois in 1026 by Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou, and became an important town in that province. As part of Anjou it was joined to the French crown in 1204 by Philip II. In the 16th cent. Saumur was given by Henry III to the then Protestant Henry of Navarre (later Henry IV). Under Philippe de Mornay, the governor, a famous Protestant academy was founded (1599), and the town became a bastion of the HuguenotHuguenots
, French Protestants, followers of John Calvin. The term is derived from the German Eidgenossen, meaning sworn companions or confederates. Origins

Prior to Calvin's publication in 1536 of his Institutes of the Christian Religion,
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 movement. With the revocation of the Edict of NantesNantes, Edict of,
1598, decree promulgated at Nantes by King Henry IV to restore internal peace in France, which had been torn by the Wars of Religion; the edict defined the rights of the French Protestants (see Huguenots).
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 in 1685, much of the population emigrated, thus destroying the town's economy. Among the monuments in Saumur are a 14th-century château (now a municipal museum), the remarkable Romanesque Church of Notre-Dame-de-Nantilly (begun 12th cent.), the 15th-century town hall, and many Renaissance structures. Collections of art and tapestries are also preserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mareike von Lewinski in the group of Christine Aurich at the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna (Vetmeduni Vienna), together with colleagues at the Vetmeduni Vienna and at the Ecole Nationale d'Equitation in Saumur, France measured the changes in various stress-related parameters, such as the level of stress hormones in saliva and the regularity of the pulse, in horses and their riders when the animals were ridden in a particular show programme.
FUN IN THE SUN: Coventry Telegraph news editor Hayley Draper with sons Dylan and Lucas in Saumur, France SHORE HIT: Dylan trying out the empty beaches
As part of the agreement, which would be an extension to the manufacturing outsourcing contract the two companies signed in February, Celestica would acquire Avaya's manufacturing facility in Saumur, France.
The killer animal and another jaguar escaped by digging under a fence at the zoo near Saumur, France, then forcing the wire aside.
Developed by AT&T Bell Laboratories and designed and manufactured in Saumur, France, each of the three models in the 9400 Series brings all the call-control functions of the DEFINITY(R) Communications System to one stylish set.
kton 15-year-old has been chosen for the GB team at the Pony European Dressage championships, which are for riders aged 16 or under and will run at Saumur, France, from July 25-30.
The Stockton 15-year-old has been chosen for the GB team at the Pony European Dressage championships, which are for riders aged 16 or under and will run at Saumur, France, from July 25-30.