Savarkar, Vinayak Damodar

Savarkar, Vinayak Damodar

(vĭnä`yək dä`mōdär səvär`kər), 1883–1966, Indian nationalist. Educated in Pune, he was militantly anti-British and anti-Muslim. He founded a terrorist organization in London while ostensibly studying for a law degree and was later arrested when a plot on the life of Lord CurzonCurzon of Kedleston, George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess
, 1859–1925, British statesman. A member of the minor aristocracy, he attended Eton and Oxford.
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 and the assassination (1909) of a British government official were traced to the group. In 1911 he was sentenced to life imprisonment on the Andaman Islands but was released in 1924. He was legally restricted from taking part in public life, but he was, nevertheless, elected president of the Hindu Mahasabha, an extremist Hindu party, for seven consecutive years. In 1948 he was implicated in the assassination of GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 and arrested. He was later acquitted for lack of evidence.
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