Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza

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Brazza, Pierre Savorgnan de


Born Jan. 25, 1852, in Rome; died Sept. 14,1905, in Dakar. French explorer and colonizer of Equatorial Africa. Italian by descent.

From 1875 to 1880, Brazza explored the basins of the Ogooué, Nyong, and Kwilu rivers and proved that they are not connected with the Congo River basin. He brought the inner areas of Gabon and the territory along the right bank of the lower Congo under French rule; he founded the military posts (later cities) of Franceville on the upper Ogooué and Brazzaville at Stanley Pool, a lakelike widening of the Congo River. In 1891–92 he undertook an expedition into the area of two of the northern tributaries of the Congo, the Sangha and the Ubangi.

References in periodicals archive ?
El frances Savorgnan de Brazza realizo su primera mision por el rio Oggore, atravesando en 1878 el rio Congo.
In 1885, for instance, Captain Savorgnan de Brazza returned to Paris with ethno-anthropological information gathered during his exploration of the Ogoue, Congo, and Kouilou-Nari basins in Central Africa.
Abracadabrazza" ou le roman du Memorial Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza.
Congo was settled by Bantu tribes who established one of the great kingdoms in Central Africa and became part of the French colonial system after explorer Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza arrived in the 1880s.
French explorer Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza boasted in the 1880s how European rationality had prevailed over the supposed superstitions of Gabonese people by denying the power of water spirits to block travel, as he forced various Gabonese riverine groups like the Adouma to accept French rule.
The Italian/French explorer, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, nominally employed by the French government, had been on an expedition up the Ogowe River in the 1870s in the vicinity of the Congo Basin (in what is now Gabon), and had succeeded in concluding a series of treaties with King Makoko of the Teke people.
The most famous, Savorgnan de Brazza, used Gabonese bearers and guides in his search for the headwaters of the Congo River.
Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza chroniclers briefly mentioned Lenz's visit to the Ogooue, but only to note a rare moment in the decade of the Franco-Prussian debacle: energetic Frenchmen besting a struggling, ill German in a competition with imperial implications.
After the European expeditions in Africa at the end of the XIXth century, such as the military ventures of Marchand and Voulet-Chanoine and civilian exploratory missions, like those of Rene Caille and Savorgnan de Brazza, ethnographers and travellers went to Africa, either for scientific reasons or attracted by the unknown and the exotic.
Edward Berenson's essay examines Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, a nineteenth-century explorer of Italian lineage who peacefully claimed territories in Central Africa for France.
Between 1879 and 1884, Stanley laid down political and physical foundations for the establishment of the Congo Free State on behalf of Leopold II, thwarting Count Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza of France.
In French colonial films, these two moments, the medial and the esthetic, were generally summed up symbolically in the fictionalized relation of the life and adventures of 'conquerors,' particularly the life of Savorgnan de Brazza, which makes the third moment in the relation of cinema to colonial conquest.