Saxe-Coburg


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Saxe-Coburg

(săks-kōbərg), Ger. Sachsen-Coburg, former duchy, central Germany. A possession of the Ernestine branch of the house of WettinWettin
, German dynasty, which ruled in Saxony, Thuringia, Poland, Great Britain, Belgium, and Bulgaria. It takes its name from a castle on the Saale near Halle. The family gained prominence in the 10th cent.
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, it was given by Ernest the Pious (d. 1675) of Saxe-GothaSaxe-Gotha
, Ger. Sachsen-Gotha, former duchy, Thuringia, central Germany. A possession of the Ernestine branch of the house of Wettin, it passed in the 16th cent. to the dukes of Saxe-Weimar.
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 to his son Albert. On Albert's death (1699) it passed to his younger brother, John Ernest, duke of Saxe-Saalfeld, whose descendants ruled the duchy of Coburg until 1918 and the duchy of Saalfeld until 1826. The extinction (1825) of the related line of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg resulted in a general redivision of the Ernestine possessions in 1826. The duchy of Saalfeld passed to the duke of Saxe-MeiningenSaxe-Meiningen
, Ger. Sachsen-Meiningen, former duchy, Thuringia, central Germany. The capital was Meiningen. A possession of the Ernestine branch of the house of Wettin, it became a separate duchy in 1681 under Bernard, third son of Ernest the Pious of Saxe-Gotha.
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, while Ernest III of Saxe-Coburg received the duchy of Gotha and assumed the style Ernest IErnest I,
1784–1844, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (see under Saxe-Coburg); brother of Leopold I of Belgium, uncle of Queen Victoria of England, and father of Victoria's consort, Prince Albert. He succeeded to the duchy of Coburg in 1806 and acquired Gotha in 1826.
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, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Ernest I's brother was crowned (1831) as Leopold ILeopold I,
1790–1865, king of the Belgians (1831–65); youngest son of Francis Frederick, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. After serving as a page at the court of Napoleon I and as a general of the Russian army, he married (1816) Princess Charlotte, daughter of the
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, king of the Belgians, and Ernest's son AlbertAlbert,
1819–61, prince consort of Victoria of Great Britain, whom he married in 1840. He was of Wettin lineage, the son of Ernest I, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and first cousin to Victoria.
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 married (1840) Queen Victoria of Great Britain. Thus the house of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha became the ruling dynasty of Belgium (where the name was changed to van België/de Belgique/von Belgien after World War I) and of Great Britain (where the name was changed to Windsor during the war). In 1887, Ferdinand, the grand nephew of Ernest I, became ruling prince (from 1908, czar) of Bulgaria, and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha was the ruling house there until the monarchy was abolished in 1946. Ernest II, the elder son and successor of Ernest I, sided with Prussia in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. He was succeeded (1893) by Alfred, duke of Edinburgh, a son of Queen Victoria and the father of Queen MarieMarie
, 1875–1938, queen of Romania, consort of Ferdinand. The daughter of Alfred, duke of Edinburgh and of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, she was the granddaughter of Czar Alexander II of Russia and of Queen Victoria of England.
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 of Romania. On Alfred's death (1900) the duchy passed to his nephew, Charles Edward, who abdicated in 1918. In 1920 Saxe-Gotha was incorporated into Thuringia, and Saxe-Coburg into Bavaria.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Saxe-Coburg was a hardpulling horse who needed burying in the pack, but Gary had positioned him on the wide outside.
Mr Ahern flew into Bulgaria on Friday night to hold talks with Prime Minister Simeon Saxe-Coburg and President Georgi Parvanov.
Obergruppenfuhrer Harry Saxe-Coburg Gotha does have a ring to it after all.
Koizumi and visiting Bulgarian Prime Minister Simeon Saxe-Coburg also agreed to cooperate on the issue of reforming the United Nations, the official said.
FAMILY PICTURE:Back row, from left: Bulgaria's Simeon Saxe-Coburg Gotha, Poland's Leszek Miller, Belgium's Guy Verhofstadt, Slovenia's Anton Rop, Spain's Jose-Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, Slovakia's Mikulas Dzurinda, Denmark's Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Greece's Kostas Karamanlis, Italy's Silvio Berlusconi, Turkey's Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
Prime Minister Simeon Saxe-Coburg told Belene residents: "It will be the biggest investment made in Bulgaria in the past 20 years," saying the plant would consolidate Bulgaria's strong position in the Balkans' energy market.
The prime minister, Simeon Saxe-Coburg, carried out a limited restructuring of his cabinet in July 2003, but this is not likely to restore the government's popularity.
BUDAPEST Passage of media legislation, meant to modernize and bring order to Bulgaria's chaotic TV industry, was halted in February when Prime Minister Simeon Saxe-Coburg told members of the ruling majority to halt a vote on the controversial bill.
Simeon Saxe-Coburg Gotha, Bulgariaas former Prime Minister and ex king celebrates his 80thA birthday on 16thA of June.
That's what happened to the Saxe-Coburg family in 1914.
The ceremony was attended by, among many others, President Georgi Purvanov, Parliament Speaker Tsetska Tsacheva, former prime minister and former king Simeon Saxe-Coburg, Russian ambassador Yuri Isakov and Bulgarian Academy of Sciences President Nikola Subotinov.
The modern Royal family was founded in the 1840s, when Queen Victoria married Albert of Saxe-Coburg, a Germany duchy, creating The House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.