Saxe-Coburg


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Related to Saxe-Coburg: Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

Saxe-Coburg

(săks-kōbərg), Ger. Sachsen-Coburg, former duchy, central Germany. A possession of the Ernestine branch of the house of WettinWettin
, German dynasty, which ruled in Saxony, Thuringia, Poland, Great Britain, Belgium, and Bulgaria. It takes its name from a castle on the Saale near Halle. The family gained prominence in the 10th cent.
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, it was given by Ernest the Pious (d. 1675) of Saxe-GothaSaxe-Gotha
, Ger. Sachsen-Gotha, former duchy, Thuringia, central Germany. A possession of the Ernestine branch of the house of Wettin, it passed in the 16th cent. to the dukes of Saxe-Weimar.
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 to his son Albert. On Albert's death (1699) it passed to his younger brother, John Ernest, duke of Saxe-Saalfeld, whose descendants ruled the duchy of Coburg until 1918 and the duchy of Saalfeld until 1826. The extinction (1825) of the related line of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg resulted in a general redivision of the Ernestine possessions in 1826. The duchy of Saalfeld passed to the duke of Saxe-Meiningen, while Ernest III of Saxe-Coburg received the duchy of Gotha and assumed the style Ernest IErnest I,
1784–1844, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (see under Saxe-Coburg); brother of Leopold I of Belgium, uncle of Queen Victoria of England, and father of Victoria's consort, Prince Albert. He succeeded to the duchy of Coburg in 1806 and acquired Gotha in 1826.
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, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Ernest I's brother was crowned (1831) as Leopold ILeopold I,
1790–1865, king of the Belgians (1831–65); youngest son of Francis Frederick, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. After serving as a page at the court of Napoleon I and as a general of the Russian army, he married (1816) Princess Charlotte, daughter of the
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, king of the Belgians, and Ernest's son AlbertAlbert,
1819–61, prince consort of Victoria of Great Britain, whom he married in 1840. He was of Wettin lineage, the son of Ernest I, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and first cousin to Victoria.
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 married (1840) Queen Victoria of Great Britain. Thus the house of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha became the ruling dynasty of Belgium and of Great Britain (where the name was changed to Windsor during World War I). Ernest II, son of Leopold I, sided with Prussia in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. He was succeeded (1893) by Alfred, duke of Edinburgh, a son of Queen Victoria and the father of Queen Marie of Romania. On Alfred's death (1900) the duchy passed to his nephew, Charles Edward, who abdicated in 1918. In 1920 Saxe-Gotha was incorporated into Thuringia, and Saxe-Coburg into Bavaria.
References in periodicals archive ?
Saxe-Coburg was a hardpulling horse who needed burying in the pack, but Gary had positioned him on the wide outside.
Koizumi was quoted as telling Saxe-Coburg that both Japan and Bulgaria need to continue providing humanitarian aid to Iraq so that Iraqis can create a full-fledged government.
Published by Saxe-Coburg Publications, the book can be purchased from their site or by contacting one of their representatives.
Bulgaria's former Prime Minister (2001-2005) Simeon Saxe-Coburg and his sister Maria-Louisa have so far lost the cases for the Tsarska Bistritsa and Saragyol royal residences at the courts of first instance and have conclusively lost the legal battle for the Krichim royal residence.
I seem to recall one, but heard she got married and was now called Kate Saxe-Coburg or is it Windsor?
The ceremony was attended by, among many others, President Georgi Purvanov, Parliament Speaker Tsetska Tsacheva, former prime minister and former king Simeon Saxe-Coburg, Russian ambassador Yuri Isakov and Bulgarian Academy of Sciences President Nikola Subotinov.
Edward was the first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, which was renamed as the House of Windsor by his son, George V.
The modern Royal family was founded in the 1840s, when Queen Victoria married Albert of Saxe-Coburg, a Germany duchy, creating The House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
Not surprisingly, the family, which used to glory under the title of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha until the First World War, settle in rather well.
Simeon Saxe-Coburg, once upon a time Bulgaria's king and also a former prime minister, tends to react with indignation to slurs that he sought a role in the country's post-communist life only so that he could get his hands on former crown property.
Bertie Ahern was due to meet Bulgarian Prime Minister Simeon Saxe-Coburg Gotha in Sofia before holding talks in Bucharest with Prime Minister Nastase of Romania.
When NMSP delegates gathered at Sofia's National Palace of Culture on November 28 at the party's fifth special congress, they had to formally approve the withdrawal of the party's founder and patron, Bulgaria's former monarch and former prime minister Simeon Saxe-Coburg (72).