Saxe-Gotha


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Saxe-Gotha

(săks-gō`thə), Ger. Sachsen-Gotha, former duchy, Thuringia, central Germany. A possession of the Ernestine branch of the house of WettinWettin
, German dynasty, which ruled in Saxony, Thuringia, Poland, Great Britain, Belgium, and Bulgaria. It takes its name from a castle on the Saale near Halle. The family gained prominence in the 10th cent.
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, it passed in the 16th cent. to the dukes of Saxe-Weimar. After the death (1605) of Duke John of Weimar, his territories were divided among his heirs. Saxe-Gotha, along with Coburg, Meiningen, Saalfeld, and other territories, gradually came under the control of Ernest the Pious, one of John's younger sons, who inherited Saxe-Altenburg in 1672. On Ernest's death (1675), the succession was divided among his seven sons; the eldest, Frederick I, received Gotha and Saxe-Altenburg, which his descendants ruled until the male line failed in 1825. Saxe-Gotha was awarded in 1826 to Ernest III of Saxe-Coburg (Ernest I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha; see under Saxe-CoburgSaxe-Coburg
, Ger. Sachsen-Coburg, former duchy, central Germany. A possession of the Ernestine branch of the house of Wettin, it was given by Ernest the Pious (d. 1675) of Saxe-Gotha to his son Albert.
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). Saxe-Altenburg became a separate duchy under a collateral line. In 1920 Saxe-Gotha was incorporated into Thuringia.
References in classic literature ?
Master Hugues of Saxe-Gotha,' another special poem on music, is unparalleled for ingenuity of technical interpretation: 'A Toccata of Galuppi's' is as rare a rendering as can anywhere be found of the impressions and sensations caused by a musical piece; but 'Abt Vogler' is a very glimpse into the heaven where music is born.
Her eldest son Frederick, Prince of Wales, married Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (1719-72; Fig.
At the 1903 annual festival of the Saxe-Gotha Association Pastor Kuttner explained that the Association's mission--pursued "out of strong faith, and full of sincere love"--was "to champion our evangelical compatriots in the diaspora.
42) Rudloff, who served as secretary of the board of the Saxe-Gotha Protestant League, was also active in politics.
Pastor August Cesar of Wiesenthal, speaking on welfare in rural areas at the annual conference of the Saxe-Gotha Home Mission, called Raiffeisen associations an "educator to community spirit.
After the death of her husband Frederick, Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales (1719-1772), took over the development of Kew Gardens, featuring winding paths, a lake, and exotic buildings that led visitors on a virtual world tour.
When his wife, Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, was about to bear their first child in 1737, Frederick insulted his mother by making sure that she was not present at the birth.
It was only on his retirement from the post of Kapellmeister at the court of Saxe-Gotha that he began the task of issuing the six volumes of the Sammlung vermischter Clavierstucke fur geubte und ungeuibte Spieler ('Collection of miscellaneous keyboard pieces for experienced and inexperienced players', 1780-87), a retrospective publication which included not only keyboard music but also chamber works and vocal items.
In 1748 Grimm went to Paris as escort to the second son of the powerful Schonberg family and, later, worked at various times for the Prince of Saxe-Gotha, the Count of Friesen, and the Duke d'Orleans.
The Prince married Augusta of Saxe-Gotha in April, so this fashionable clock may have been a present for his bride; its small size suitable for her dressing-room mantelpiece.