Saxifragaceae


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Saxifragaceae

[‚sak·sə·frə′gās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Rosales which are scarcely or not at all succulent and have two to five carpels usually more or less united, and leaves not modified into pitchers.

Saxifragaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants. They are herbs, generally with simple leaves, usually exstipulate. The flowers are solitary or, more often, in clusters; they are regular or, less frequently, irregular. The flowers are almost always bisexual. There are usually five sepals, five to ten petals (sometimes they are absent), and five to ten stamens (rarely three). The ovary is superior, half-inferior, or inferior; the fruit is a capsule. There are approximately 35 genera (600 species), growing primarily in the cold and temperate belts of the northern hemisphere, often in the mountains. In the USSR there are five genera (more than 100 species). Formerly, plants of the families Hy-drangeaceae and Grossulariaceae, as well as some other groups of plants, were included in the family Saxifragaceae. They are now generally considered to be separate families. The tannin-containing plants of the genus Bergenia have commercial value. Species of the genera Astilbe, Saxífraga, Chrysosplenium, Hendiera, and Rodgersia are used as ornamentals.

REFERENCES

Flora SSSR, vol. 9. Moscow-Leningrad, 1939.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema ifilogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
laticuspis share the following characteristics with the Grossulariaceae and Saxifragaceae families: small size; fleshy tissues that cover the seed coat as an aril or sarcotesta of gelatinous pulp; albuminous nature with a small or tiny embryo; and endosperm containing oily food reserves (Corner, 1976).
crassifolia (L.) Fritsch, a species in the Bergenia genus belongs to the family Saxifragaceae, the order Rosales, is commonly known as badan (Rus = [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), Siberian tea, Mongolian tea, leather bergenia, or elephant's ears.
(Herb), 51203 Berberis lyceum Berberidaceae Kasmal Roots and Royle stem (Shrub) 58763 Berginia ligulata Saxifragaceae Shaprotri Leaves (Wall.) Engl.
(4) S, SC 6 5.0 Eutrema edwardsii S, SQ 4 3.3 Caryophyllaceae Cerastium C 5 4.2 beeringianum Silene uralensis C 1 0.8 Poaceae Festuca brachyphylla F 3 2.5 Hierochloe alpina F 1 0.8 Poa arctica SP 1 0.8 Trisetum spicatum SP 1 0.8 Saxifragaceae Saxifraga sp.
Important families: Rosaceae, Saxifragaceae, Cesalpinaceae, Mimosaceae, Papilionaceae, Ran.
Autopolyploidy in Tolmiea menziesii (Saxifragaceae): Genetic insights from enzyme electrophoresis.
The status of Parnassia (Saxifragaceae) in the West Gulf Coastal Plain.
Family Name (Latin and Common): Saxifragaceae, the Saxifrage family
The genera with many species that grow in the taiga include sedges (Carex, Cyperaceae), cotton grass (Eriophorum, Cyperaceae), Calamagrostis and Elymus (Poaceae), Potentilla, Rosa, and Rubus (Rosaceae), Saxifraga (Saxifragaceae), and a few more.
Family: Saxifragaceae (currants, hydrangeas, and saxifrages)