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Saxo Grammaticus(săk`sō grəmăt`ĭkəs), c.1150–c.1220, the first important Danish historian. He was in the service of AbsalonAbsalon
, c.1128–1201, Danish churchman, archbishop of Lund (1178–1201). He had great influence on political affairs under Waldemar I and Canute VI, warred against the pagan Wends, and in 1184 won a naval victory over Bogislav, duke of Pomerania.
..... Click the link for more information. , archbishop of Lund, at whose suggestion Saxo wrote the Gesta Danorum (or Historia Danica). The first nine books, translated (1893, repr. 1967) Danish History, are mostly composed of oral tradition and legends concerning the early Danes, including the story of Hamlet. The remaining seven books, dealing more with contemporary events, are an extremely valuable source for Danish history. The cognomen grammaticus [learned] was probably bestowed on Saxo after his death.
See R. G. Latham, Two Dissertations on the Hamlet of Saxo Grammaticus and Shakespear (1872, repr. 1973).
Born 1140; died circa 1208. Danish historian and chronicler.
Saxo Grammaticus was the author of the Gesta Danorum (History of the Danes). The first nine books of the history contain ancient Scandinavian legends, including the legend of Hamlet used by Shakespeare. The remaining seven books contain information on Denmark’s history to 1185. Saxo Grammaticus wrote in Latin in an ornate and verbose style. The Gesta were first published in Paris in 1514; it was translated into Danish several times and into German and English.