Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

(redirected from Saxon Chronicle)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle,

collective name given several English monastic chronicles in Anglo-Saxon, all stemming from a compilation made from old annals and other sources c.891. Although the work was thought for some time to have been commissioned by King AlfredAlfred,
849–99, king of Wessex (871–99), sometimes called Alfred the Great, b. Wantage, Berkshire. Early Life

The youngest son of King Æthelwulf, he was sent in 853 to Rome, where the pope gave him the title of Roman consul.
..... Click the link for more information.
, there is no positive evidence to substantiate this claim; his encouragement of learning, however, undoubtedly inspired the compilation of the chronicle. The original chronicle was later edited with additions, omissions, and continuations by monks in various monasteries. The four chronicles recognized as distinct are called the Winchester Chronicle, the Abingdon Chronicle, the Worcester Chronicle, and the Peterborough Chronicle.

The account begins with the start of the Christian era and extends to 1154. Much of the very early material is drawn from BedeBede, Saint
, or Baeda
(St. Bede the Venerable), 673?–735, English historian and Benedictine monk, Doctor of the Church, also called the Venerable Bede. He spent his whole life at the monasteries of Wearmouth (at Sunderland) and Jarrow and became probably the
..... Click the link for more information.
's history. From the period of the wars between Saxons and Danes onward, most of the annals are original and are the sole source for information about certain events. The writing is generally in sparse prose, but some poems are inserted, notably the stirring "Battle of Brunanburh" (see BrunanburhBrunanburh, battle of
, A.D. 937, a victory won by Athelstan, king of the English, over a coalition of Irish, Scots, and Britons (or Welsh) of Strathclyde. The site of the battle is not known. The battle is celebrated in a poem in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
..... Click the link for more information.
).

Bibliography

See C. Plummer, ed., Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel (1892–99); D. Whitelock et al., ed., The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1962); C. Clark, ed., The Peterborough Chronicle (2d ed. 1970); G. N. Farmonsway, ed. and tr. Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1978).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
(16) Jonathan Wilcox, "'The Battle of Maldon' and the Anglo Saxon Chronicle, 979-1016: A Winning Combination," Proceedings of the Medieval Association of the Midwest 3 (1996 for 1995): 34.
Niwa, Yoshinobu 1958 "The ge-PP in Saxon Chronicle" (in Japanese), Studies in English Literature 34/2: 271-286.
Like Henry, Gaimer too took the Anglo Saxon Chronicles as the centre of his work.
The Saxon Chieftain Snot probably endowed the early Saxon settlement with the name Snotingaham and the Anglo Saxon Chronicles are the first written reference to this name.
Cornwell's best-selling Saxon Chronicles relates the Danish plunder of British soil, the rise of Alfred the Great and his descendants, and the creation of England.
This equates to 1,140 years since the first written reference to Yorkshire appeared in the Anglo Saxon Chronicles of 876.
(13) John Earle, ed., Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel (Oxford: Clarendon, 1865), 370.
It recently emerged that the National Library of Wales had a secret cave dug beneath its walls in which paintings by Leonardo Da Vinci, Raphael and Michelangelo were stored during the war alongside priceless artifacts such as The Saxon Chronicles and the Magna Carta.
The first time she appears as an individual is in the Recension, or Mercian edition of the Anglo Saxon Chronicles, which was written near Oxford.
The declaration is read this year at 11.39 to represent 1139 years since the earliest known written ref-f erence to the Ridings of York in the Anglo Saxon Chronicles of 876.
The declaration is read this year at 11.39 as it represents 1,139 years since the earliest known written reference to the Ridings of York in the Anglo Saxon Chronicles of 876.
Besides, the bibliographical entry for Plummer and Earle's Two of the Saxon chronicles parallel appears in an incorrect alphabetical slot (p.