a German ruling house. Members of the dynasty were kings of Germany from 919 to 1024 and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire from 962.
The founder of the dynasty was Henry I, who ruled from 919 to 936. Otto I ruled from 936 to 973 and became emperor in 962. Otto II ruled from 973 to 983, and Otto III from 983 to 1002. With the death of Otto III, the direct line of the dynasty came to an end, and the Bavarian duke Henry, a member of a collateral line, became king. He ruled as Henry II from 1002 to 1024. When Henry died, the Saxon dynasty was replaced by the Franconian dynasty.