Saipan

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Saipan

(sī`păn, sīpän`), volcanic island (2010 pop. 48,220), 47 sq mi (122 sq km), W Pacific, capital of the Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana Islands
, officially Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, a self-governing entity in association with the United States (2015 est. pop. 55,000), c.
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. It is mountainous; the highest peak is Mt. Tagpochau (1,526 ft/465 m). Like the rest of the country it is subject to sometimes devastating typhoons. Clothing was the main export, but the industry died (2005–9) after trade quotas were ended. Sugarcane, coffee, citrus fruits, and coconuts are grown, and the island has phosphate and manganese deposits. The main campus of Northern Marianas College is on the island.

Saipan, with the other Marianas, was mandated to Japan in 1920 by the League of Nations. In World War II the island (site of a Japanese airbase) was taken by U.S. forces in 1944 and became a base for air attacks on the Japanese mainland. From 1953 to 1962 Saipan was used to train Nationalist Chinese guerrillas for infiltration of the Chinese mainland. Although the seat of the Northern Marianas' government from the beginning of internal self-government in 1978, the island was not officially designated the capital until 2015. Widespread devastation was caused by a supertyphoon in Oct., 2018.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Saipan

 

an island of volcanic origin in the Pacific Ocean; one of the Mariana Islands. Population 10,500 (1970). Covering an area of 181 sq km, the island reaches an elevation of 465 m. Sugarcane, sweet cassava, coconuts, and bananas are cultivated on plantations. The island was discovered by Magellan in 1521.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Saipan

an island in the W Pacific, administrative centre of the US associated territory of the Northern Mariana Islands; captured by the Americans and used as an air base until the end of World War II. Pop.: 62 392 (2000). Area: 180 sq. km (70 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Batchar earlier said the Army division is one in condemning the murder of Saypan and allegations of military involvement are 'unfounded.'
Saypan, the secretary general of Compostela Farmers' Association (CFA), a progressive group of small-time banana growers and workers in Compostela Valley, was driving on his motorcycle along the national road in New Visayas village when shot by two gunmen riding on another motorcycle around 5:40 a.m., Dalida said.