Scabino

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scabino

 

a judicial official of the Frankish state. The college of scabini was introduced by Charlemagne in a reform of 809 to replace the Rachinburgen, elected officials who attended popular court sessions. The college usually consisted of seven men, appointed by a body consisting of one count and several of the king’s agents. Experts on local customs, the scabini provided counsel at court sessions, where a count or agents of the king presided. The institutions of the Schöffen in Germany and échevins in France were based on the college of scabini.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.