Scapa Flow


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Scapa Flow

(skăp`ə), area of water, 15 mi (24 km) long and 8 mi (12.9 km) wide, in the Orkney Islands, off N Scotland. It is bounded by the islands of Mainland, Graemsay, Burray, South Ronaldsay, and Hoy. Scapa Flow was Britain's main naval base in both world wars. Lyness, on Hoy, was the headquarters. The British vessel Vanguard exploded in Scapa Flow in July, 1917, and the German fleet was scuttled there in 1919. In Oct., 1939, a German submarine penetrated the area and sank the Royal Oak, causing the British fleet to withdraw until 1940. The Churchill Barrier was begun the same year to block the eastern entrance to Scapa Flow by sinking 250,000 tons of concrete in the sounds linking Mainland, Burray, South Ronaldsay, and two smaller eastern islands. The barrier now forms a causeway linking Mainland to South Ronaldsay. The naval base was closed in 1956.

Scapa Flow

an extensive landlocked anchorage off the N coast of Scotland, in the Orkney Islands: major British naval base in both World Wars. Length: about 24 km (15 miles). Width: 13 km (8 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Captain Nigel Mills, director of Orkney Harbours, fears they could end up in Scapa Flow. He said: "Any contamination by these vessels in these waters could be disastrous."
They fought at Jutland, were broken up in the same Scottish yard a week apart and I got to know the gunnery officer's grandson well," said Mr Jellicoe, of the Scapa Flow Centenary Initiative.
These beautiful flame shells were found in Scapa Flow at a depth of 16 metres.
Mr Choules recalled in his 2009 memoirs The Last of the Last: "We arrived back at Scapa Flow at about 2pm to a most amazing sight.
He drowned at 125ft on a dive to German warships in Scapa Flow off the Orkney Islands last November.
Timothy Robin Slocombe, 61, was pulled unconscious from the waters of Scapa Flow off the coast of Orkney on Sunday.
Seventy-four Imperial German ships were scuttled at Scapa Flow, in the Orkney Islands, in June 1919 to stop them falling into British hands.
Adverse sea conditions held up efforts to place a 35ft steel canopy over the Royal Oak which sank in Scapa Flow.
The fifth was built in 1939 and formed part of the 18th Cruiser Squadron at Scapa Flow, Orkney.
Navy divers placed a casket containing Fernleigh Judge's remains 90ft beneath the North Sea on the wreck of HMS Royal Oak at Scapa Flow, Orkney, on Monday.
Steven Darren Ottewell, 38, of Cuddington, Cheshire, was exploring a wreck in Scapa Flow off the Orkney Islands, but failed to resurface.
"The idea is to try to keep the interest in Scapa Flow alive before divers go elsewhere.