Scarabaeus


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Related to Scarabaeus: Scarabaeus sacer
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scarabaeus

 

a genus of beetles of the subfamily Scarabaei-nae. The best-known species is the common scarabaeus (Scarabaeus sacer), which has a smooth black body that reaches 4 cm in length. The head and tibiae of the forelegs are sharply serrated. Found throughout southern Europe, North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Middle Asia, scarabaeuses feed on dung, which they have rolled into balls. In ancient Egypt the rolling of dung into balls by the beetles was interpreted as a symbol of the sun’s movement across the sky, and the dens on the beetle’s head were likened to the sun’s rays; hence, the beetle was deified, and offerings were made to it.

REFERENCES

Fabre, J. H. Zhizn’ nasekomykh, 2nd ed. Moscow-Leningrad [1924]. (Translated from French.)
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol 3, Moscow, 1969. Page 324.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Scarabaeus lancifer Linnaeus, 1767; Scarabaeus satelles Lichtenstein, 1976; Phanaeus heros Castelnau, 1840; Phanaeus miles Castelnau, 1840; Phanaeus septentrionalis Pessoa, 1935; Megaphanaeus lancifer (L)
The apparent lack of overlap between kleptoparasitic Muscidae (only on Scarabaeus) and kleptoparasitic Sphaeroceridae (only on Pachylomera) during this short, opportunistic study suggests that the partitioning of resources within communities of scarab-associated kleptoparasites would warrant further investigation.
Semiochemicals mediating host-finding behaviour in the phoretic association between Macrocheles saceri (Acari: Mesostigmata) and Scarabaeus species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae).
* Between 1982 and 1996 Scarabaeus Associates, Sacramento, CA published The Collected LeConte Papers on Entomology in 10 bound volumes, assembled by A.R.
When a colossal scarabaeus sacer was uncovered by Baconfield himself as he rooted under his pyramid, he had it carried by four men to the Hungerkunstler's tent.
Roles of endothermy and size in inter- and intraspecific competition for elephant dung in an African dung beetle, Scarabaeus laevistriatus.
DistributionOriental (Arrow, 1931; Sewak, 2003; Balthasar; 1963b).Tribe Scarabaeini Latreille 1802Genus Scarabaeus Linnaeus, 1758
Feeding and reproductive behavior in Scarabaeus and Kheper, two genera that are phylogenetically close, have been studied for many years.
When researchers set up polarizing filters to shift the moonbeams, the African beetle Scarabaeus zambesianus changed direction to compensate, says Marie Dacke of the University of Lund in Sweden.
The sequences of RpL7 used in this study were from Plutella xylostella, Spodoptera frugiperda, Papilio polytes, Bombyx mori, Manduca sexta, Papilio xuthus, Danaus plexippus, Euphydryas aurinia, Agriotes lineatus, Tribolium castaneum and Scarabaeus laticollis.