Moreover, solutions of FLO and heavy water ([D.sub.2]O) can be used to match the

scattering length density (SLD) of certain nanoscale features and remove their scattering contributions (Hammouda 2010).

In the Thomas-Fermi approximation, a 2-parameter (mass m and

scattering length a) density distribution of the BEC halo is obtained [see (3) below], which is less concentrated towards the centre as compared to the NFW model, relaxing the cuspy halo problem.

The inputs to the physical model are the

scattering length density (SLD, real and imaginary components) of the sample under investigation as a function of depth along [??] into the material, where z [equivalent to] 0 is defined at the lower boundary of the sample.

where [a.sub.0] is the

scattering length. From Eqs (18), (19), and (22) it follows that

The team, led by Ma Yugang with Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics (SINAP) in China; and Tang Aihong with the Brookhaven National Laboratory in the U.S., collided gold atoms to produce abundant antiprotons and measured two important parameters of their interaction: the

scattering length and the effective range.

For example, nonlinearity management arises in atomic physics for the Feshbach resonance [4, 8] of the

scattering length of interatomic interactions in BECs, where the interaction strength can be characterized by a single parameter, the s-wave

scattering length [a.sub.s].

The neutron-scattering experiments, in this situation, should be performed with protonated polymers where the contrast of some structural elements (defects) is determined by the coherent

scattering length density of material.

Bringing together writings by an international group of researchers working in different areas of quantum physics, the proceedings includes such topics as universality in few-body systems with large

scattering length, simulations of dilute Fermi gases, normal persistent currents and gross shell structure in high spin, geometric aspects of the shell model, and quantum phase transitions in two-fluid systems.

Now we will write the relation between the

scattering length of mesons and their in-medium mass-shift.

The resulting model parameters are: the low-Q scale factor A and Porod exponent n, the micelles volume fraction [[PHI].sub.fit], the ellipsoidal micelles half axes [R.sub.a] and [R.sub.b], the

scattering length density inside the micelles [[rho].sub.m], the

scattering length density for the solvent [[rho].sub.s], and the charge on the micelles.

By selectively deuterating either the chromophore or the polymer, a difference in the

scattering length densities of these two components is introduced without significantly affecting the electron density.