Schäuble, Wolfgang

Schäuble, Wolfgang

(vôlf`gäng shī`blə), 1942–, German political leader. He studied law and economics at the Univ. of Freiburg and the Univ. of Hamburg and then worked as a tax lawyer (1971–84). A member of the conservative Christian Democratic Union, he was first elected to the West German Bundestag in 1972. Under Chancellor Helmut KohlKohl, Helmut
(Helmut Josef Michael Kohl) , 1930–2017, German statesman, chancellor of West Germany (1982–1990) and reunified Germany (1990–98). A member of Christian Democratic Union (CDU), he was elected to the Rhineland-Palatinate parliament in 1959, became
..... Click the link for more information.
, Schäuble served as minister for special affairs and chief of staff (1984–89) and then as interior minister (1989–91); in the latter post, he negotiated the reunification of East and West Germany (1990). During the 1990 election campaign, Schäuble was shot in the back in an assassination attempt, and has been confined to a wheelchair since. In 1998 he succeeded Kohl as CDU leader, but resigned in 2000 following a party finance scandal. Under Chancellor Angela MerkelMerkel, Angela
, 1954–, German politician, b. Hamburg as Angela Dorothea Kasner. The daughter of a Lutheran pastor, she grew up in what was then East Germany. She trained as a physicist (Ph.D., Univ.
..... Click the link for more information.
, he has served as interior minister (2005–9) and then finance minister (2009–17). An proponent of European unity but also a strong fiscal conservative, he was a prominent austerity advocate during the euro crisis and the Greek bailout negotiations of 2015. In 2017 he was elected president of the Bundestag.

Bibliography

See biography by H. P. Schutz (2011).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/