Schöffen

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schöffen

 

in medieval Germany, the members of the juridical collegium that determined punishments jointly with the judge presiding over a trial. The institution of the Schöffen was based on the Frankish college of scabini. The word later came to designate jurors with various powers.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.