Schönbrunn, Treaty of 1809
Schönbrunn, Treaty of (1809)
(also Schönbrunn Peace), a treaty between France and Austria signed on Oct. 14, 1809, at the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, after the conclusion of the Austro-French War (Austrian War of Liberation) of 1809.
Austria was forced to cede Salzburg to Napoleon I for transfer to Bavaria; the county of Görz (Gorizia), Istria, Trieste, Carniola, Fiume (Rijeka), and parts of Carinthia and Croatia passed from Austria directly to France and were included in Napoleon’s Illyrian Provinces. Western Galicia was ceded by Austria to the Grand Duchy of Warsaw; the Tarnopol’ district of Galicia passed from Austria to Russia as compensation for Russia’s participation in the war on the side of the French.
Austria was obligated to join the continental blockade, to break off relations with Great Britain, and to recognize all changes to be carried out by Napoleon in Spain, Portugal, and the Italian states; the treaty specifically stipulated that Austria must renounce intervention in the internal affairs of these states. The strength of the Austrian army was reduced to 150,000 men, and a large indemnity was imposed on Austria. The integrity of the remaining Austrian possessions was guaranteed by Napoleon.
The treaty, which transformed Austria into a virtual dependency of France, was annulled by the Congress of Vienna of 1814–15.