Scheer, Reinhard Karl Friedrich Von

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scheer, Reinhard Karl Friedrich Von

 

Born Sept. 30, 1863, in Obernkirchen; died Nov. 26,1928, in Marktredwitz. German admiral.

Scheer joined the navy in 1879. From 1909 to 1911 he was chief of staff of the High Sea Fleet, from 1911 to 1913 head of the public affairs section of the Navy Department and an associate of A. von Tirpitz, and from 1913 to 1915 commander of a squadron of battleships. In January 1916, Scheer was made commander of the High Sea Fleet, which he led in the battle of Jutland of 1916. Scheer waged unlimited submarine warfare, but was unable to bring about a complete blockade of Great Britain or to weaken the blockade of Germany. From August to November 1918, Scheer was chief of the German Admiralty Staff. Scheer was the author of the memoir Germany’s High Sea Fleet in the World War (Russian translation, 1940).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.