Schema.org


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Schema.org

An initiative of the Google, Bing, Yahoo! and Russia-based Yandex search engines to define a common vocabulary for identifying data on Web pages. Launched in 2011, Schema.org provides thousands of data descriptions for the things and actions in the world and endorses the Microdata, RDFa and JSON-LD syntaxes. See Semantic Web, Microdata, RDFa and JSON-LD.
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Other topics include authority control for the Web, linked data implications for authority control and vocabularies, the role of Schema.org in a semantic web model of library resources, and BIBFRAME and linked data for libraries.
Two books were indexed by applying schema.org vocabularies to transform a webpage into linked data sources.
The use of [4] Schema.org and [5] The Open Graph protocol is a must in structuring web pages.
Emphasizing that this standard is used along with a library called Schema.org, which allows standardizing templates to describe resources, counts on schemes to describe many elements as books, events, movies, people; the idea is that the fields of every resource are defined and can be interpreted correctly by different machines (Ronallo, 2012).
The move toward microformats-supercharged by the Schema.org initiative backed by the major search engines--embeds metadata into HTML pages themselves.
Step two is a deeper understanding of the online directory space, to make sure local information is accurate, maintained, and follows the established best practices defined by the schema.org protocol.
While this makes sense for large amounts and high velocities of unstructured data such as tweets, there is much to gain by semantically annotating and sharing data according to some well established vocabularies, for example, Schema.org. Once the data is semantically lifted, it can be more easily discovered, reused, and integrated (Hendler 2013).
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It has recently been adopted by Schema.org, a joint effort of Bing, Google, Yahoo!, and Yandex.
Their initiative, dubbed Schema.org (in computer science a "schema" is a kind of database blueprint), is developing a common vocabulary for structured data markup on web pages.
Bing, Google, and Yahoo launched Schema.org in June 2011.

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