Schenectady


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Schenectady

(skənĕk`tədē), city (1990 pop. 65,566), seat of Schenectady co., E central N.Y., on the Mohawk River and Erie Canal; founded 1661 by Arent Van Curler, inc. 1798. The General Electric Company was established there in 1892, but its presence waned in the late 20th cent. and the city's population declined by a third. Several other companies manufacture electrical equipment, and the production of gas turbines is important.

Early destroyed (1690) in a Native American attack, the village grew again, prospering as a stopping place for traders and settlers traveling W on the Mohawk River. Growth was particularly spurred by the opening (1820s) of the Erie Canal and the building (1830s) of the railroads. Locomotive manufacturing, begun in 1848, was long an important industry.

Schenectady is the seat of Union College, founded in 1795. The former home and laboratory of Charles P. SteinmetzSteinmetz, Charles Proteus
, 1865–1923, American electrical engineer, b. Breslau, Germany, studied at the Univ. of Breslau. Forced to flee Germany because of his socialist activities, he came to the United States in 1889.
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 are a science museum. Notable among Schenectady's historic buildings are the homes in the old stockade area, which date from the early 1700s.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schenectady

 

a city in the northeastern USA, in the state of New York; situated on the Mohawk River. Population, 73,000 (1974; combined population together with the neighboring cities of Albany and Troy and suburban areas, 790,000). Schenectady has machine building and metalworking. Electronic equipment is produced, as well as engines, industrial equipment, reactors, and radio equipment. Chemicals and garments are also produced. The city was founded by the Dutch in the 1660’s.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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