Schengen Agreement


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Schengen Agreement

(shĕng`ən), agreement signed in 1985 in Schengen, Luxembourg, by several European Community (now the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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; EU) to establish a mutual visa policy that would permit free movement among them. It was followed (1990) by the Schengen Convention, which allowed for implementation of the agreement; full implementation began (1995) with seven countries. The Schengen Area now consists of 26 mostly EU countries; Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland are also participants. EU members Ireland and the United Kingdom chose not join the Schengen Area; EU members Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, and Romania are required to eventually join. With the implementation of Schengen, the EU's external border control agency, Frontex, was strengthened. In 2015, as hundreds of thousands of Middle Eastern and North African refugees and migrants arrived in Europe by land and sea, several Schengen countries reestablished border controls; border checks continued into 2017. The COVID-19 pandemic led EU nations to close their borders for a time in 2020 to control the disease's spread.
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References in periodicals archive ?
At the core of the challenge are altruistic goals in the Schengen Agreement that are not matched by a common security programme.
By then, Italy, Spain, Portugal and Greece had already signed the Schengen Agreement. Shortly afterward, Austria, Denmark, Sweden and Finland, as well as two non-EU countries, Iceland and Norway, decided to join.
As we can see with Sweden's situation, EU members are greatly limited by the EU's Schengen Agreement rules.
"The Paris attacks will seriously challenge the continuity of the Schengen Agreement, which eliminated border controls in Europe.
Steinmeier later told journalists he was grateful for "the announcement that the Schengen agreement will not be touched," and would keep in contact with Denmark over the issue.
The German Embassy in Bishkek accepts visa applications to 12 member states of the Schengen Agreement. "Despite a big scope of work during consideration of visa applications, the staff members of the Embassy try to maintain business-like and polite treatment of visa applicants," the Embassy stressed.
The professors said they had compared the wording of Denmark s border agreement with that of the Schengen agreement.
Following in the steps of the Liberal Democrats, the Greens have also voiced their concern that the European Parliament has been excluded from decisions regarding the reform of the Schengen agreement on the free movement of persons.
The Libyan leader, Muammar Al Qathafi has long used the prospect of a migration crisis to discourage European attacks and the extent of the current influx has prompted France and Italy to raise the prospect of internal frontier checks - a move that would contradict the 13-year-old Schengen Agreement scrapping border controls between EU countries.
Citizens of 25 European nations can cross those borders freely without delay, thanks to the Schengen Agreement of 1985, which abolished internal borders in lieu of a single external border and applies common rules on visas and border controls.
As for Europe's inflexibility in offering visas to Egyptians, especially countries that are party to the Schengen Agreement, the diplomat said that they are afraid of people violating the conditions of the visa.
The Schengen Agreement is a treaty signed on 14 June 1985 near the town of Schengen in Luxembourg, between five of the ten member states of the European Economic Community.