Schengen Agreement

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Related to Schengen Group: Schengen states, Schengen zone

Schengen Agreement

(shĕng`ən), agreement signed in 1985 in Schengen, Luxembourg, by several European Community (now the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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; EU) to establish a mutual visa policy that would permit free movement among them. It was followed (1990) by the Schengen Convention, which allowed for implementation of the agreement; full implementation began (1995) with seven countries. The Schengen Area now consists of 26 mostly EU countries; Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland are also participants. A 2020 agreement calls for Gibraltar to participate as well. EU members Ireland and the United Kingdom chose not join the Schengen Area; EU members Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, and Romania are required to eventually join. With the implementation of Schengen, the EU's external border control agency, Frontex, was strengthened. In 2015, as hundreds of thousands of Middle Eastern and North African refugees and migrants arrived in Europe by land and sea, several Schengen countries reestablished border controls; border checks continued into 2017. The COVID-19 pandemic led EU nations to restrict travel for a time in 2020 to control the disease's spread.
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Pier A was intended as the Sabena concourse and is now dedicated to airlines of the Schengen group. About 20 Schengen airlines account for 57% of total traffic: approximately 50 non-Schengen airlines are berthed at Pier B.
Such a trend is already discernable in the creation of the euro (which three members, including one of the largest, opted out of), and the Schengen Group to consolidate border controls.
Anticipating the application of the Amsterdam Treaty, the German Government which has held the Presidency of the Schengen Group since July 1, called on July 29 for greater harmonisation of visa policy within the Schengen free movement area and proposed establishing a single formula for foreign entrants (Heading IV, Article 62).
For the time being, the possibility of a mini-Algerian scenario remains unlikely and, ironically, the political future of the Spanish citizens of Ceuta and Melilla may now be assured by the European Union and the Schengen group. For it is in Spain's north African enclaves that Schengen space really begins, and Ceuta and Melilla have once again reverted to their original strategic roles, as a cordon sanitaire against a new `invasion' from Africa, this time by impoverished migrant workers seeking to cross the straits to the Spanish mainland.
KUWAIT, Sept 9 (KUNA) -- Bulgaria will support Kuwait's bid to have Kuwaiti citizens be exempted from entry visas to the Schengen group of countries in the EU zone, said Bulgarian President Rosen Plevneliev on Wednesday.