Schengen Agreement

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Schengen Agreement

(shĕng`ən), agreement signed in 1985 in Schengen, Luxembourg, by several European Community (now the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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; EU) to establish a mutual visa policy that would permit free movement among them. It was followed (1990) by the Schengen Convention, which allowed for implementation of the agreement; full implementation began (1995) with seven countries. The Schengen Area now consists of 26 mostly EU countries; Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland are also participants. EU members Ireland and the United Kingdom chose not join the Schengen Area; EU members Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, and Romania are required to eventually join. With the implementation of Schengen, the EU's external border control agency, Frontex, was strengthened. In 2015, as hundreds of thousands of Middle Eastern and North African refugees and migrants arrived in Europe by land and sea, several Schengen countries reestablished border controls; border checks continued into 2017.
References in periodicals archive ?
He said in a recent newspaper interview that it would be desirable for both countries to join the Schengen Area in the longterm but he stressed that the security of German citizens should not be put at risk to do so.
He also reaffirmed support for Bulgaria and Romania joining the Schengen area, which has still not happened, regardless of the fact that both countries have fulfilled all conditions necessary for joining.
The Schengen area showed weakness at the first sign of trouble.
So introducing visa-free travel -- that is, short-term visas that would allow a traveler to spend a maximum of 90 days within a 180-day period in the Schengen area -- seems like a logical next step.
Hopefully, Turkish citizens will be able to enter the Schengen area without visa requirements as of October of next year," Bozkyr said.
Paris requested more controls at external borders of the 26-nation Schengen area, of which most EU countries are members, after law enforcement bodies blamed the attacks on French and Belgian nationals, including an Islamic State fighter returned from Syria.
The Schengen Area is without internal borders, within which citizens, non-EU nationals, business people and tourists can freely move about without being subjected to border checks.
Ponta will therefore be close to throwing in the towel by dropping his country's candidacy for the Schengen area from his list of priorities if Romania is rejected once again, on 7 March.
The full conference programme delivers many leading experts and senior border agency personnel presenting some of the challenges and border protection issues, including changing immigration policies and inter-agency cooperation, as well as issues such as the Schengen area and the effects migration from the East is having on the West.
BRUSSELS (TAP) - European Union nations in a landmark move Thursday agreed to enable countries to temporarily restore border checks in the visa-free Schengen area in the case of a surge of illegal migrants.
At the Scottish Conservative Party conference in Troon at the weekend, Ms May warned that if an independent Scotland joined the European Union, it "almost certainly" would not have the UK's opt-out on justice and home affairs matters, and would face joining Europe's Schengen area, which applies to all member states except the UK and Ireland.
The European Parliament is preparing a resolution for Romania and Bulgaria's accession to the Schengen area, Bulgarian National Radio said.