Schengen Agreement

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Related to Schengen space: Schengen convention, Schengen countries

Schengen Agreement

(shĕng`ən), agreement signed in 1985 in Schengen, Luxembourg, by several European Community (now the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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; EU) to establish a mutual visa policy that would permit free movement among them. It was followed (1990) by the Schengen Convention, which allowed for implementation of the agreement; full implementation began (1995) with seven countries. The Schengen Area now consists of 26 mostly EU countries; Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland are also participants. A 2020 agreement calls for Gibraltar to participate as well. EU members Ireland and the United Kingdom chose not join the Schengen Area; EU members Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, and Romania are required to eventually join. With the implementation of Schengen, the EU's external border control agency, Frontex, was strengthened. In 2015, as hundreds of thousands of Middle Eastern and North African refugees and migrants arrived in Europe by land and sea, several Schengen countries reestablished border controls; border checks continued into 2017. The COVID-19 pandemic led EU nations to restrict travel for a time in 2020 to control the disease's spread.
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focusing on entries and exits of Schengen space, refers to the mode of
"Following the recent decision by France and Germany to postpone Romania's accession to the Schengen space, country has two options," Romanian Foreign Minister Teodor Baconschi said, speaking to the daily Adevarul.
The road map effectively commits the EU to admit the applicant country to the Schengen space once all the conditions listed in it have been met.
Speaking to the daily Adevarul, Romanian Foreign Minister Teodor Baconschi said that in response to a recent decision by France and Germany to postpone Romania's accession to the Schengen space, his country had "two options".
According to some experts, in all but name such a list constitutes a visa liberalisation road map' - a document used by the EU to set out concrete requirements for reforms for the applicant country to implement before entering the Schengen white list' (a list of countries whose nationals do not require short-stay visas to enter the Schengen space).
Both Bulgaria and Romania have set themselves the target of joining the Schengen space in 2011.
Switzerland has just joined the Schengen space, abolishing the identity controls at its borders.
And they will decide, moreover, on Switzerland joining the Schengen space, with the lifting of controls at land borders (outside of Liechtenstein), on 12 December, and air borders, on 29 March 2009.
The French minister said she was confident that the Lisbon Treaty will facilitate the continuing construction of the European legal space, realised among other things by establishing the Schengen space, Eurojust and, more recently, the European Arrest Warrant (which allows for the extradition of a national).
He rejects the idea that the future president - who will not be the president of Europe, he specifies - could "come from a member state which benefits from a structural opt-out from several key European policies, like the Schengen space, the euro, and the Charter of Fundamental Rights" (see separate article).