Schimper, Wilhelm Philipp

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schimper, Wilhelm Philipp


Born Jan. 12, 1808, in Dossenheim; died Mar. 20,1880, in Strasbourg. German botanist.

Schimper graduated from the University of Strasbourg in 1832. He worked at the Strasbourg Museum of Natural History from 1835, becoming its director in 1866. In 1862 he became a professor at the University of Strasbourg. His main works are on the flora of European mosses and on fossil plants. Schimper was one of the founders of paleobotany. In 1854 he became a member of the French Academy of Sciences.


Traité de paléontologie végétate ou la flore du monde primitif, vols. 1–3. Paris, 1869–74.
Synopsis muscorum europaeorum, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Stuttgart, 1876.


De Bary, A. “Wilhelm Philipp Schimper.” Botanische Zeitung, 1880, fasc. 38, no. 26. (Contains bibliography.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.