Schlüter, Andreas(ändrā`äs shlü`tər), 1664–1714, German sculptor. After studying in France and Italy, he became architect and sculptor to the Hohenzollern at Berlin, where the principal examples of his decorative work were in the royal castle. He was the most important German exponent of the baroque style. Most noted among his sculptures were the statue of King Frederick I in front of the castle at Königsberg and the Great Elector, an equestrian group on the Long Bridge, a pulpit in the Marienkirche, and the tombs of King Frederick I and his consort in the cathedral, all in Berlin. At the end of his life, having lost the favor of his patron, King Frederick I, Schlüter entered the service of Peter the Great of Russia.
Born circa 1660 in Gdańsk(?); died before June 23,1714, in St. Petersburg. German sculptor and architect; outstanding representative of the baroque style in Germany.
Schlüter worked from 1689 to 1693 in Warsaw and from 1694 in Berlin, where he was director of the Academy of Arts from 1702 to 1704. In 1696 he sculpted tragically expressive heads of dying warriors on the keystones in the courtyard of the Berlin Arsenal. Striking characterization and dynamic, monumental composition are typical of the equestrian statue of Frederick William, the great elector, on the Lange Brücke in Berlin (bronze, 1696–1703, completed 1709), which is now in the forecourt of Charlottenburg Palace.
From 1698 to 1706, Schlüter directed the reconstruction of the Royal Palace in Berlin, where he built the inner courtyard in the baroque style and designed magnificent interiors. He also completed a portrait bust of Landgrave Frederick II of Giessen and Homburg (bronze, c. 1704, castle courtyard, Homburg) and a number of decorative works. From 1711 to 1712 he built the Villa Kamecke in Berlin.
In 1713, Peter I invited Schlüter to St. Petersburg, where he completed the Summer Palace (1713–14) and designed the Mon Plaisir Palace and grottoes in Petergof (now Petrodvorets).
REFERENCESShilkov, V. F. “Arkhitektory-inostrantsy pri Petre I.” In Istoriia russkogo iskusstva, vol. 5. Moscow, 1960.
Voinov, V. S. “Andreas Shliuter—arkhitektor Petra. (K voprosu o formirovanii stilia ‘Petrovskoe barokko’).” Sovetskoe iskusstvoznanie ’76. Moscow, 1976. Pages 367–77.
Ladendorf, H. Andreas Schlüter. Berlin, 1937.