Schmidt, Wilhelm Matthäus

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schmidt, Wilhelm Matthäus


Born Jan. 21,1883, in Vienna; died there Nov. 27,1936. Austrian geophysicist.

After graduating from the University of Vienna in 1905, Schmidt worked at the Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics in Vienna. In 1912 he became a teacher at the Higher School of Soil Science in Vienna, where he became a professor in 1919. Beginning in 1930, he was a professor and director of the meteorological observatory of the University of Vienna.

Schmidt studied the turbulent mixing of the lower layers of the atmosphere and lake waters and introduced the concept of the coefficient of mixing.


“Strahlung und Verdunstung an freien Wasserflächen.” Annalen der Hydrographie und maritimen Meteorologie, 1915, no. 4, pp. 169–78.
“Der Massenanstausch in freier Luft und verwandte Erscheinungen.” In Probleme der kosmischen Physik, vol. 7. Hamburg, 1925.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.