Schnitscher, Johann Christian

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schnitscher, Johann Christian


Dates of birth and death unknown.

Schnitscher, a Swede by nationality, was a captain in the Russian Army. In 1714 he accompanied the Chinese embassy into Kalmykia on its tour through Russia. Schnitscher’s records of the mission are a valuable source of information on the life, customs, and beliefs of the Kalmyks, as well as on Russo-Kalmyk and Russo-Chinese relations in the early 18th century.


Berăttelse om Ajuckinska Calmuckiet. . . . Stockholm, 1744.
In Russian translation:
“Zapiska shvedskogo kapitana Ioanna Khristiana Shnichera, kotoryi byl u kitaiskikh poslannikov, byvshikh v 1714 godu u Aiuki khana v provozhatykh.” Ezhemesiachnye sochineniia i izvestiia o uchenykh delakh, 1764, no. 11.


Pal’mov, N. N. Etiudy po istorii privolzhskikh kalmykov, part 1. Astrakhan, 1926.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.