Los agentes in rebus, organizados en schola, se encuentran bajo la autoridad y el control del prefecto del pretorio (38), para pasar en epoca de Constantino bajo la dependencia del magister officiorum, encargado de todas las scholae palatinae, incluida la de los agentes in rebus (39), como revela el propio nombre con el que son conocidos, magisteriani, correspondiendo al praefectus praetorio unicamente el poder disciplinario sobre los agentes.
Stein (72) retoma la hipotesis de Mommsen, y distingue entre el principatus scholae agentum in rebus, jefe del departamento de los agentes in rebus, subordinado al magister officiorum, y el principatus officii, jefe de la seccion burocratica de cualquier alto funcionario, independiente del magister officiorum y subordinado directamente al emperador.
Riccardo Santangeli Valenzani examines the xenodochia or hostels for visitors, the rise of the scholae
peregrinorum, and in particular the famous schola Saxonum, under papal strategies to strengthen ties with the populations of northern Europe.
Most of the ensembles that specialise in medieval vocal music are male; female "scholae
" are rare in this country and in the rest of the world.
In 2002 a second colloquium took place, and finally in 2004 some of the lectures which were presented at the first gathering and all of the ones from the second were published under the title 'Et scholae
I have one minor quibble: I am not certain that the term so familiar to us, viz., "faculty," should be applied to the early thirteenth century "Arts" and "Medical" "colleges" or "universities" of what is now called the Bolognese "Universita degli Studi." "Scholae
," "Collegii," or "Universitates" they were called at that time, but they are certainly called "Facolta" today.
154), and Diocletian did not introduce conscription, create the scholae
palatinae, or create the tetrarchy in 301 (pp.
The sixth-century historian Zosimus describes the soldiers whom Constantius II gave to Julian as his escort in 355 as men who knew only how to pray.(6) These were probably members of the Emperor's immediate bodyguard, the scholae
palatinae, similar to those whose lax discipline is here attacked.
The origin of the institution of scholae
cantorum and of their adoption in Gaul is extremely complex, but I am unhappy about the equation of a Messine schola with the body of canons for whom St Chrodegang provided his celebrated Rule.
This was particularly true in the case of the scholae
palatinae because of their role as the bodyguard units of the emperors.
Per i diversi corpi amministrativi palatini (scholae
), ancora Costanzo II e gli imperatori successivi ribadiscono che la leva legittima, o comunque privilegiata, per ascendere nelle posizioni amministrative e il lavoro speso con merito nei ruoli inferiori previsti nell'ordo militiae: cio e sancito, per esempio, in ordine agli agentes in rebus (agenti del servizio postale, con competenze investigative) per i quali gli avanzamenti di grado devono avvenire "matricula decurrente" (34), e medesimi orientamenti normativi sono riscontrabili nelle amministrazioni municipali per le diverse cure e procuratele ambite dai senatori locali (decuriones) (35).
members of the scholae
palatinae, and it is possible that this was the intention here also.(3) Certainly, the author was familiar with various terms to describe soldiers other than [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], SO it was not a lack of vocabulary which dictated this choice of term.(4) Most importantly, though, his use elsewhere of the term [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] to describe the guard whom one would expect to escort an emperor, reveals the full significance of his choice of [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] here.(5) Thus, the soldiers who were escorting the tribunes when they happened to meet the two Macarii were members of the emperor's personal guard, probably of the scholae