curriculum

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curriculum

1. a course of study in one subject at a school or college
2. a list of all the courses of study offered by a school or college

Curriculum

 

an outline that specifies the subjects to be studied at a given educational institution and the years in the course of study during which each subject is to be studied.

A curriculum generally consists of three parts. The first is a schedule of periods for lecture classes, practical training, production training, examinations or laboratory examinations, work on the diploma thesis or diploma project, and vacations. The second part of the curriculum specifies the duration of each period of instruction for each year of study and for the entire course of study. The third part of the curriculum is a program that lists required, alternative, and elective subjects, the number of class hours for each subject, and a schedule of these hours by week, semester, and academic year. This program also gives the dates of examinations and tests and the dates when course papers or projects are due. In addition, the program indicates the number of hours assigned for lectures, seminars, laboratory work, and drills or exercises for each subject. The third part of the curriculum may also list fields of specialization and the subjects in each field.

In the USSR and other socialist countries the curriculum is generally identical for educational institutions of a given type. As a rule, major higher educational institutions with universally recognized schools of education have their own curricula. These institutions include the universities in Moscow, Leningrad, Novosibirsk, Kiev, and a number of other cities, as well as the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School.

The content of the curricula of general-educational, specialized secondary, and higher educational institutions guarantees that a uniform body of knowledge will be covered and also ensures equal opportunities for graduates to continue their education at a higher level. The curricula of the Soviet school system facilitate a communist upbringing and the comprehensive development of students. The curricula prepare students for life and work and inspire them with a desire to continue their education during their entire working career.

Curricula provide a necessary balance between the humanities and the natural sciences and also coordinate theoretical study and practical training. The sequence of subjects studied is designed to provide a basis of knowledge and the subsequent assimilation of increasingly advanced material. The amount of time allotted to individual subjects is determined by their importance at a given level of study, by the general aims and scope of the entire course of study, and by the course’s ratio between theoretical material and practical training. The extent of knowledge and skills that the student is expected to acquire during the course of study is also taken into consideration. The material outlined in the curriculum is made explicit in syllabi, textbooks, and teaching aids.

In a number of capitalist countries, general-educational schools do not have uniform curricula, and there is no continuity in the curricula of succeeding levels of study. A more extensive scope of material is covered in educational institutions for the privileged in, for example, Great Britain and the Federal Republic of Germany. These factors make higher education widely accessible only to children of the privileged classes in a number of capitalist countries. In the USA each state uses its own curricula.

A. I. BOGOMOLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
These problems might well provide worthwhile problem solving situations for pupils in the school curriculum. It takes a variety of learning opportunities in order that pupils may secure necessary information to arrive at needed solutions.
In truth, political - or rather, politicized - education legitimatizes a non-local culture's influence over the public school curriculum.
First, the rural school curriculum needs to stress the importance of good human relations and goodwill toward all.
The principle of tolerance apparently guarantees a place for homosexuality in the school curriculum; little children in the earliest grades are to be brainwashed into thinking that a family which has no mum but two dads is as normal as one which has both a mummy and a daddy.
- a common school curriculum up to grade 10 by the year 2000
A lawmaker is proposing to include voters education as part of the high school curriculum in both public and private schools.
Canberra, Sept 5 (ANI): 'Multiculturalism' is set to be infused in Australia's high school curriculum as the first step to teach society to respect other cultures and to combat racism.
ERIC Descriptors: Educational Policy; Curriculum Development; Technical Assistance; Politics of Education; School Involvement; Secondary School Curriculum; Educational Opportunities; Annual Reports; Career Readiness; College Readiness; Alignment (Education); State Standards; Educational Strategies; Change Strategies; Developmental Studies Programs; Program Implementation; Program Descriptions; Participant Characteristics; State Curriculum Guides; Professional Development; Transitional Programs; Progress Monitoring; Educational Assessment; Educational Indicators; Educational Improvement
Q: Where should environmental studies fit into the school curriculum?
The controversy began last year after some board members in Shelby County proposed adding a pair of courses on "Bible history" to the high school curriculum. Board members proposed that the classes be paid for with private donations, which led some residents to suspect that the courses would be more like Sunday School than objective instruction.
It started in 1996 with the aim of integrating water resources management into the school curriculum. The programme has the following components: Baswa le Meetse (Youth in Water), School Curriculum Support and South African Youth Prize.
In fact, a national study that tracked the progress of 8th grade students from 1988 through 2000 found that "the academic intensity of their high school curriculum counted more than anything else in their precollegiate history in providing momentum toward completing a bachelor's degree." But rigorous courses are not just important for college: research shows they're also critical for career success, even for students who don't go to college.

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