Schouten, Willem Cornelis

Schouten, Willem Cornelis

(vĭl`əm kôrnā`lĭs skhou`tən), 1567?–1625, Dutch navigator. In 1615 he sailed from Texel island, Holland, in command of an expedition whose objective was to evade the trade restrictions of the Dutch East India Company by finding a new route to the Pacific. Avoiding the Strait of Magellan, in 1616 he rounded Cape Horn, which he named for his birthplace, Hoorn. He followed the north coasts of New Ireland and New Guinea and visited adjacent islands, including what became known as the Schouten Islands. Although he had opened an unknown route, the East India Company claimed infringement of its monopoly, arrested Schouten (who was later released) and confiscated his ship in Java.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schouten, Willem Cornelis

 

Born 1580 (?) in Hoorn, province of North Holland; died 1625. Dutch navigator.

In 1615, Schouten and J. Le Maire led a trade expedition to Indonesia by a western route. Schouten’s account of his journey around the world, Journal or Description of the MarvelousVoyage, was first published in 1618 in Amsterdam and was subsequently reprinted many times. The islands that Schouten discovered off the northeastern coast of New Guinea were named in his honor.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.