Schuman, Robert

Schuman, Robert

(rōbĕr` sho͞omäN`), 1886–1963, French statesman and lawyer, b. grand duchy of Luxembourg. A member of the Catholic Mouvement Républicain Populaire (MRP), he was finance minister (1946, 1947) and premier (1947–48). He continued as foreign minister (1948–53), and as such, did much to promote European unity. In 1950 he proposed the creation of a West European coal and steel pool. This so-called Schuman Plan, which had been drafted by Jean Monnet, became effective in 1952 with the formation of the European Coal and Steel Community, the first step toward the creation of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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. Schuman was president (1958–60) of the European Parliamentary Assembly.

Schuman, Robert

 

Born June 29, 1886, in Luxembourg; died Sept. 4,1963, at Chazelles, near the city of Metz. French political figure. Member of the Mouvement Républicain Populaire.

Schuman was a deputy to the French National Assembly from 1919 to 1940 and from 1946 to 1962 and a deputy to the constituent assemblies elected in 1945 and 1946. He served as minister of finance in 1946 and 1947, premier in 1947 and 1948, minister of foreign affairs from 1948 to January 1953, and minister of justice in 1955 and January 1956. He was closely associated with the de Wendel financial group. Schuman contributed to the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community (1951), which marked the beginning of the process of Western European integration (seeSCHUMAN PLAN).

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