Schuman, William

Schuman, William

(sho͞o`mən), 1910–92, American composer, b. New York City. Schuman taught at Sarah Lawrence College (1935–45), and while president of Juilliard (1945–62) he helped initiate the Juilliard Quartet. He was also president of Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts (1962–69). Among his outstanding compositions are his Third and Fourth symphonies (both 1941); American Festival Overture (1939); Symphony for Strings (1943); Newsreel (1941); two secular cantatas, This is Our Time (1940) and A Free Song (1942; awarded the first Pulitzer Prize in music, 1943); the ballet Undertow (1945); the opera The Mighty Casey (Hartford, 1953); and several chamber works. His music is highly contrapuntal and often employs complex rhythms suggestive of jazz. Schuman was awarded a second Pulitzer in 1985, this time for his lifetime achievements in composition, teaching, and administration.

Bibliography

See biography by J. W. Polisi (2008); S. Swayne, Orpheus in Manhattan: William Schuman and the Shaping of America's Musical Life (2011).

Schuman, William (Howard)

(1910–92) composer, educator; born in New York City. He studied composition under Roy Harris at Juilliard and in 1943 won the first Pulitzer Prize in music (for "Secular Cantata, No. 2"). While remaining prolific as a composer, he headed the Juilliard School of Music from 1945–62 and then New York's Lincoln Center until 1969. His works, for a variety of media and marked by an eclectic technique often with a strong American flavor, include ten symphonies, a number of choral works, and the short opera The Mighty Casey (1953); this last-named was turned into a cantata in 1976, retitled Casey at the Bat, and was considerably expanded for a production in 1991.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, the company's three longest serving independent directors, Allan Schuman, William Benton, and Thomas Robinson, will retire from the board at the end of their current term in May, 2020 and not stand for re-election.
Savills Studley's Marc Shapses, Ira Schuman, William Montana and Oliver Petrovic represented Sullivan and Cromwell.