Schuman Plan

Schuman Plan

 

a plan for integrating the coal, iron, and metallurgical industries of several Western European states proposed in 1950 by the French foreign minister R. Schuman.

The Schuman Plan served as the basis for the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), which was established by a treaty signed by the governments of the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg at a meeting in Paris on Apr. 18,1951. The ECSC is one of the largest international state monopoly organizations in the capitalist world. In 1975 it controlled about 90 percent of the steel, almost 100 percent of the coal, and 50 percent of the iron ore produced in Western Europe. Great Britain, Ireland, and Denmark joined the ECSC on Jan. 1, 1973. The implementation of the Schuman Plan was one the first steps toward the capitalist economic integration of Western Europe.

REFERENCES

Shebanov, A. N. Evropeiskoe ob”edinenie uglia i stall. Moscow, 1968.
Ekonomicheskie gruppirovki v Zapadnoi Evrope. Moscow, 1969.
Kövér, J. F. Le Plan Schuman: Ses Mérites, ses risques. Lettre de R. Schuman. Paris, 1952.
Gerbet, P. La Genese du plan Schuman: Des Origines à la déclaration du 9 mai 1950. Lausanne, 1962.
Collins, D. The European Communities: The Social Policy of the First Phase, vols. 1–2. London, 1975.
References in periodicals archive ?
On May 9, 1950, in cooperation with Jean Monnet, another French political economist and diplomat, he drew up the renowned Schuman Plan.
An example of this is his revival of the history of ideas approach that seriously considers how politically-active Europeans conceived of a united Europe before the political agreements that serve as historical milestones: the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation, the Schuman Plan, the European Coal and Steel Community, the failed European Defence Community, and the Rome Treaties.
Only three months earlier a new strategy to integrate Europe had been introduced in the form of the Schuman Plan, a plan to place Western European coal and steel industries under the joint management of a supranational authority and create a common European market for coal and steel.
The European Union transformed; community method and institutional evolution from the Schuman Plan to the constitution for Europe.
Six Foreign Office ministers signed in the French Foreign office yesterday the Schuman Plan for pooling Western Europe's coal and steel resources.
The Schuman Plan to pool coal and steel among European nations and the establishment of a European Army to rebuild Europe's military capacity were introduced in 1950 and written into treaty form over the next several years.
What he considers the two crucial errors of the post-war period -- the decision to built the atomic bomb, which perpetuated the ruinously expensive myth of Britain as a Great Power, and the failure to embrace the Schuman Plan -- originated with `the most rational prime minister in history', Clement Attlee.
To a close colleague, working on the drafts for the Schuman Plan, he said, `Do you think that anyone will hand you a plan on a plate?
The book, which is well written and shows occasional flashes of both verve and wit, is organized chronologically; the early chapters deal with the interwar and Second World War period, followed by three chapters on the years from 1944 to 1951 (during which time the crucial negotiations and diplomatic maneuvering that would eventually lead to the Schuman Plan and the ECSC occurred), and final chapter on the ECSC itself.
A new Schuman plan is needed to integrate German industry with its European partners.
The greatest leader that any country has ever produced, Sir Winston Churchill, was supportive of the Schuman plan when he said that we (Britain) were 'with them but not of ' - 'linked but not combined'.